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Sichuan, A Province of China

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Rohan Mahoney

on 14 November 2013

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Transcript of Sichuan, A Province of China

Sichuan provides trade with Tibet which is one of its major money makers. However, Sichuan has a great climate for agriculture and is actually one of the best places in the world for farming. An irrigation system known as the Dujiangyan irrigation system has kept the local crops safe from floods and droughts for almost 2000 years. Most common for growing are rice, wheat, rape-seed and vegetables. Sichuan was also home to China's largest pre- modern business; this phenomenon is the city of Zigong which was home to major salt/brine and natural gas reserves. Sichuan is currently home to heavy industry(coal, steel, gas) and light manufacturing(timber, textile, and electronics) trade.
The ethnicity of the population in Sichuan varies quite immensely. Many Suchianese claim decent from Hubei and Hunan. When it comes to language and culture, Sichuan shares many characteristics with the Middle Yangzi region along with Yunan and Guizhou, which are also provinces formed from resettlers of Hubei and Hunan. The people of Sichuan speak a form of Mandarin, adopted by many south western provinces like Hubei.
Sichuan is also home to a massive religious icon. The Great Dafo or Leeshan Giant Buddha is a massive Buddha carved into a cliff, opposite Mount Emei. It is a major tourist attraction and brings people from around the world to gaze at its beauty. The name Sichuan, "four rivers", was given during the Yuan Dynasty. Part of Sichuan was broken off in 1939 to form Xikang from western Sichuan and eastern Tibet. The land was given back to Sichuan in 1955 which resulted in the western Sichuan population to consist of numerous Tibetans and other minority groups.
Sichuan is surrounded by mountains which keep it isolated from the rest of China. However due to its relatively close location to Tibet, Sichuan leads China in economy and relations with Tibet and other western countries. A highway was built along the Yellow River in Sichuan. Workers carved ledges into the mountain to make the mountain passable by cars and wagons. Since trade with Tibet is so easy for the people of Sichuan, they supply China with rice, sugar, silk, and medicinal objects. These are traded from the Tibetans for tea and horses.
The Province of Sichuan was founded in at least the 15th century B.C. It is located in south western China. It is surrounded by the provinces of Qinghai, Xizang, Yunnan, Gansu, Shaanxi, Hudei, Hunan, and Guizhou. Eastern Sichuan is located in a basin that is very good for farming and other agricultural exploits. However, western Sichuan is located in a mountain region and contains fewer inhabitants than the main land and more natural landscapes and land marks, such as the Jiuzhaigou Valley and Gonnga Shan, the highest point in Sichuan.
Sichuan, A Province of China
Salt plants in Zingong

"Sichuan." Encyclopedia of Modern China. Ed. David Pong. Vol. 3. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2009. 397-401. World History in Context. Web. 13 Nov. 2013

Stapleton, Kristin. "Sichuan." Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. Ed. Karen Christensen and David Levinson. Vol. 5. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2002. 198-199. World History in Context. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
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