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Remembering Nelson Mandela
Transcript of Remembering Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela was born in Mvezo, Transkei, on July 18, 1918.
As the youngest son of a respected African chief, Rolihlahla was offered the opportunity to go to school. Here he was named "Nelson" by one of his teachers.
Apartheid is a system in which only white people had full rights and people of other races, were forced to go to separate on certain things. Nelson Mandela,however led the struggle to replace the apartheid regime of South Africa with a multi-racial democracy.
Life in Prison.
Nelson Mandela on the Oprah Winfery show.
After the death of his father in 1927 , Mandela was placed under the care of his father’s cousin, Jongintaba Dalindyebo, the Regent of the Thembu people. He enrolled at Clarkebury which was the oldest Wesleyan mission and education center in the area of the Thembu people.
Upon completing his studies at Clarkebury, he attended high school at Healdtown Methodist Boarding School. Mandela was the first member of his family to attend high school. He then enrolled in Fort Hare University.
Mandela did not complete his degree at Fort Hare. Mandela was expelled for joining in a student protest.
"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world."
The African National Congress.
In 1963, Mandela and other ANC leaders were tried for plotting to overthrow the government by violence. The following year, Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment. He was held in the Robben Island prison, off the coast of Cape Town, and later in Pollsmoor Prison on the mainland. During his time in prison, Mandela became a symbol of Resistance to Apartheid.
Nelson was confined to a small cell, no bed, but the floor to sleep on,a bucket for a toilet, and he was forced to do hard labor. He was only allowed one visitor a year for 30 minutes. He could write and receive one letter every six months. But Robben Island only transformed him into something inspirational.
Mandela had three wives in his life, marrying the last on his 80th birthday.
Nelson Mandela is the father of 5 children Makaziwe Mandela, Zindziwa Mandela, Makgatho Mandela, Zenani Mandela, and Madiba Thembekile Mandela.
He fathered four children from his first marriage to Evelyn Mase and 2 children with his second wife Winnie Madikizela.
Some of his kids never really got to see their father at all when he was in prison for most of their lives. Both of Mandela's daughters from his first marriage were named Makazawie. The eldest died at nine months and the next Makazawie was named in her honor. Madiba Thembikile (Thembi) was killed in a car crash when he was 25 (1969) Nelson Mandela was in prison at the time and was not permitted to attend his child's funeral. Makgatho died of AIDS in 2005.
Nelson and Evelyn were married for 13 years, splitting up in 1957. Evelyn was a Jehovah's Witness and so had to remain politically neutral. She died in 2004.
In 1958 Nelson married Winnie Madikizela. Much of their marriage was spent apart. When Nelson was in prison, Winnie Mandela became a strong political figure herself. Mandela and Winnie had 2 girls Zenani (Zeni) –born in 1958, and Zindziswa (Zindzi) – born in 1960. Zeni married Prince Thumbumuzi Dlamini.
Nelson and Winnie Mandela eventually divorced in 1994. In 1988, on his 80th birthday Nelson married his third wife, Graca Machel (she was the widow of the former Mozambican president).
Made by: Vanessa,
Yvan, Jamie, Ajia, Alexandria, and Jakob.
The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party, supported by its Tripartite Alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions and the South African Communist Party. The group was made to increase
the rights of the black South African population. The ANC had differences to the government during apartheid and they played a major role in resolving the conflict through participating in the peacemaking and peace-building processes. Initially, intelligence agents of the National Party met in secret with ANC leaders, including Nelson Mandela, to judge whether conflict resolution was possible. Discussions and negotiations took place leading to the eventual unbanning of the ANC and other opposing political parties.