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The Harlem Renaissance

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Roxana Alban

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of The Harlem Renaissance

The 1920's many African Americans joined the Great Migration. Due to this population swelled in large northern cities. Then nightclubs and music was born filling cities like New York neighborhood of Harlem. Artistic Development grew
and artists such as ... James Van Der Zee
Evening Attire, 1922 Sargent Claude Johnson,
Mask, about 1930-35 Laura Wheeler Waring,
Still Life, 1929 Palmer Hayden, The Janitor
Who Paints, about 1937 And many more blossomed in this time. Many were now proud
to be in their skin. Cotton club was one of the most famous clubs in
Harlem many performance launched careers by appearing on this stage. Writers In the time of the Renaissance, writers had several unique styles and ways they express themselves in those tough times. Many authors wrote about what African Americans experienced. They would also focus on racial pride and desire for social and political fairness. If we must die, let it not be like hogs
Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,
While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,
Making their mock at our accurséd lot.
If we must die, O let us nobly die,
So that our precious blood may not be shed
In vain; then even the monsters we defy
Shall be constrained to honor us though dead!
O, kinsmen! we must meet the common foe!
Though far outnumbered let us show us brave,
And for their thousand blows deal one death-blow!
What though before us lies the open grave?
Like men we'll face the murderous, cowardly pack,
Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting back Claude McKay a Jamaican American writer and poet. In his time he has influenced many, with his powerful heartfelt way of expressing the tough times in the 1920's. For example, his poem "If We Must Die". The Harlem Renaissance
A time of creative African American artists. Full of memorable literature, music, beautiful art, and politics. The Harlem Renaissance was the name given to the explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of World War I. Due to this the Great Migration happened. Population was at its high in the north, which meant African Americans had the political power to continue the fight for their civil rights. Zora Neale Hurston Zora from Alabama, wrote novels, and short stories that featured, and inspired African American women. She was a very strong encouraging writer. She's best known for one of her famous novels "Their Eyes Were Watching God". This novel is basically about Janie Crawford, an African American girl. Its starts off with Janie in her yard noticing a bee pollinating a flower then she becomes desperate with trying to find her true love. The story then explains her life as she goes through three marriages and how she grows from her experiences. James Mercer Langston Hughes from Missouri, wrote poems, novels, playwrights. He like other writers really made a differences. One of his best known poem is "Life is Fine". James Mercer Langston Hughes Life is Fine

I went down to the river,
I set down on the bank.
I tried to think but couldn't,
So I jumped in and sank.
I came up once and hollered!
I came up twice and cried!
If that water hadn't a-been so cold
I might've sunk and died.
But it was cold in that water! It was cold!
I took the elevator
Sixteen floors above the ground.
I thought about my baby
And thought I would jump down.
I stood there and I hollered!
I stood there and I cried!
If it hadn't a-been so high
I might've jumped and died.
But it was high up there! It was high!
So since I'm still here livin',
I guess I will live on.
I could've died for love--
But for livin' I was born
Though you may hear me holler,
And you may see me cry--
I'll be dogged, sweet baby,
If you gonna see me die.
Life is fine! Fine as wine!Life is fine!

- Langston Hughes Political Power Grows... In the North World War I really impacted it drastically. With the population growing, African americans became a great influence on voting. In 1928 African Americans voters in Chicago helped elect Oscar DePriest. He was the first African American to be elected to Congress. NAACP: The National Association for the Advancement of Color People.
This association battled African American discrimination, segregation, and anything that was harsh or against African Americans.

In 1930 the NAACP worked together with labor unions to start a highly organized national campaign against John J. Parker a judge to U.S Supreme Court. They successfully were able to achieve what they wanted. This proved how powerful African americans became in political force. NAACP: The National Association for the Advancement of Color People.
This association battled African American discrimination, segregation, and anything that was harsh or against African Americans.
In 1930 the NAACP worked together with labor unions to start a highly organized national campaign against John J. Parker a judge to U.S Supreme Court. They successfully were able to achieve what they wanted.

This proved how powerful African americans became in political force. The NAACP continued fighting for equal rights for all African Americans. One person who really caught the attention from many people in the 1920's was Marcus Garvey.
He brought pride and hope to African Americans who started to believe there was no reason to live longer. Marcus founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association. He believed that African Americans should separate from whites and educate themselves on economic and political power.
Marcus also wanted hes followers to move to Africa, because they might not be able to gain Independence or justice in America. But because of his push for racial separation Marcus lost lots of his followers. Marcus was then convicted of mail fraud in 1923, he was deported to Jamaica where he was born.
He did fail to keep his movement alive but he still changed many African Americans with his hope and pride. Throughout all the suffering and fighting for equal rights, one thing that really feed peoples souls, and kept spirits up, was... Some Famous, Talented Jazz Artists Louis Armstrong, the first soloist to emerge in jazz. Ella Fitgerald one of the best jazz female singers. Fats Waller one of the greatest pianist jazz has ever known. Bessie Smith earned the title of "Empress Of The Blues" Ida Cox one of the finest blues singers, she was singing in theaters by the time she was 14. Big Bill Broonzy earned a reputation as a mentor to young blues artist. "What Wonderful World" "Mack The Knife " "Breakin' The Ice" "Four Day Creep" "When Did You Leave Heaven" http://archive.org/details/FatsWallerAndHisRhythm-BreakinTheIce http://archive.org/details/BessieSmithMp3AudioSongs http://archive.org/details/IdaCox-ForeDayCreep http://archive.org/details/BigBillBroonzy-01-100 The Jazz Age is.. The 1920's is Known as the Jazz Age, the Golden Twenties or the Roaring Twenties Style The young set themselves free especially, the young women. They shocked the older generation with their new hair style (a short bob) and the clothes that they wore were often much shorter than had been seen and tended to expose their legs and knees. The wearing of what were considered skimpy beach wear in public could get the Flappers, as they were known, arrested for indecent exposure. They wore silk stockings rolled just above the knee and they got their hair cut at male barbers. The President of Florida University said the low cut gowns and short skirts "are born of the devil they are carrying the present generation to destruction".
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