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Katie Aldrich

on 26 September 2012

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Transcript of Adolescence

Adolescence Theories of Adolescence: Hall Believe that is was a state of " storm and stress" being confused, troubled, and frustrating. Only about 11% of adolescences have serious issues. Physical Development Puberty: End of childhood and the point when reproduction is first possible Hormones trigger internal and external changes. Girls: ages 8-10
Boys: ages 9-16 Puberty Growth Spurt Girls: age 12
Boys: age 14 Menarche: First menstrual period Boys who mature early tend to be better at sports, girls have crushes on them, more self confident and independent.

Girls feel embarrassed rather than proud, become bossy, date older boys, and may become more popular. This period of time may be awkward for adolescence.
Worried about how to act, dress, and want to look accepted by peers.
May feel depressed or shy. Sexual Development The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Report (2004) 870,000 pregnancies occur each year and 3 million cases of sexually transmitted diseases. Abstinence: a choice to avoid harmful behaviors like sex, drugs, and alcohol. Piaget Believed that thinking becomes more abstract, consider answer to a hypo-logical question. expands problem solving skills and adolescents to reason beyond a world of concrete reality to a world of possibilities and to operate logically on symbols and information that do not necessarily refer to objects and events in the real world. Rationalization: a process whereby an individual seeks to explain an often unpleasant emotion or behavior in a way that will preserve his or her self esteem. Social Development Sexual Orientation begins to emerge.
Conformity to peer pressure increases.
Friendships have greater emphasis on intimacy and loyalty.
First Dating begins process of development and maintaining relations.
Personal factors, relation in family, peers, economic and political circumstance. Cognitive Development Reasoning through problems in symbolic terms and through use of formal logic improves.
Ability to understand and integrate rules into sense of self becomes basic for character development.
Vocabulary expands to include abstract words.
Ability to grasp irony and sarcasm. Motor Development Body continues to grow in height and weight.
girls growth spurt peaks while boys just begin it.
Motor skills increase but levels off for girls.
Boys develop deeper voices and facial hair, and usually taller than girls. Smart Start: What is Freud's stage of development in Adolescence? What does it have to do with? SOCIAL-COGNITIVE STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT Freud Genital Stage Seeking pleasure through relationships with other people.
Receive as much pleasure as you give.
Dating relationships. Erickson Cliques: a small, exclusive group of people within a larger group. Anorexia Nervosa: fear of gaining weight that results in starvation and dramatic weight loss. Bulimia Nervosa: compulsive overeating usually followed by self-induced vomiting or abuse of laxatives Vocabulary Initiation Rights: Ceremonies or rituals in which and individual is admitted to a new status or accepted into a new position Spermarche: First ejaculation achieved Asynchrony: condition during adolescence where the growth or maturation of bodily parts is uneven. Sexual Attitudes: the way we feel about sex and the way we respond sexually Identity Crisis: a period of inner conflict during which adolescents worry intensely about who they are. Social Learning Theory: Bandura's view of human development; emphasizes interaction Conformity: acting in accordance with some specified authority. Gender Identity: is ones physical and biological makeup. Being aware that you are female or male Gender Role: defined partly by genetic makeup but mainly by the society and culture in which the individual lives. Gender Stereotype: oversimplified or prejudiced opinions and attitudes concerning the way men or women should behave. ex: birthdays, graduations, weddings ex: hands or feet may be too large or small for rest of the body ex: some kids are kept in the dark about sex until almost married, others are encouraged to engage in sexual play ex: an 8 year old doesn't worry about why they failed a test but an adolescent knows they failed because they were worried about their first date. ex: begin to see the future and worry about who they are and who they want to become. ex: don't want to look funny so follow the rest of the group. ex: in U.S. men are viewed as dominant and emotionally reserved; women are viewed as submissive and emotionally responsive ex: men rugged; women sensitive
men work; women stay home Video : Identity vs. Role Confusion Develops a sense of self in relationships to others and to own internal thoughts and desires.
May belong in a group of friends that you don't really want to be in.
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