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Transcript of Adverb clauses
Provide additional information about how something is done, they are much like adverbs in that they tell the reader
someone did something.
Are introduced by subordinating conjunctions.
E.g. I didn't go to the party
because they didn't invite me.
Use a comma to separate the two clauses.
When they arrive, show them the house.
Adverb Clause with Time
- She was reading a book when he arrived.
- I cleaned the house when my husband fell asleep.
* 'When' = at the moment.
We can see the different tenses used in relationship to the clause beginning with 'when'.
- He will finish before she start to cooking.
- She left before I telephoned.
*'Before' = 'before that moment'.
Takes either the simple past or present.
- She will cook after her son comes.
- He ate after she cooked.
*'After' = after that moment
present for future events
past or past perfect for past events
- He broke his leg while he was running.
- I saw him as he was leaving.
* 'while' and 'as' = during that time
with past continuous
Whenever, every time
Adverbs Clauses to Show Opposition
- I have played handball since I was in school.
- We are talking since we met.
*since = from that time
specific point in time
- Whenever she comes, we go out to the mall.
- Every time I go home a dog follows me.
* whenever and
each time something happens
Show an unexpected or non-evident result based on the dependet
- She bougth a dress even when she have no much money.
Even though, though, although
- Even though I was sick, I went to class.
- Though she likes the boy, she broke up with him.
- Although it was late, we enjoy the concert.
These words show a situation which is contrary to the main clause to express opposition.
- My brother is a good student, while I´m lazy.
'While' show clauses in direct opposition to each other
Adverbs Clauses to Express Conditions
These clauses are often called 'If clauses'.
- If you do your homework, you can go out tonight.
- I can buy you a new netbook, if you finish that paint.
Express e condition necessary for the result.
- Even if she start now, she won't be ready for the party.
Show a result that is unexpected based on the condition in the 'even if' clause.
- Unless they get a job, they won't participate on the trip.
- You can't sleep unless your mom arrives soon.
*'Unless' express the idea of 'of not'.
- He will go to the beach only if he helps his sister.
- Only if they collect the money they will buy the tickets.
'Only if' means in the case of something happens.
Adverbs Clauses with Expressions of Cause and Effect
These type explain the reasons for what happens in the main clause.
- They bought a new house because they got a better job.
- I'm studying hard because I need to pass the test.
'Because' can be used with different tenses based on the time relationship between the two clauses.
- Since I'm in college, I haven't sleep well.
- I had to leave my house early since my bus left at 8.30.
*'Since' means the me as because, tend to be used in more informal spoken English.
As long as
- As long as they're in the mood, why don't you invite them to come?
'As long as' = because
tend to be used in more informal spoken English.
- As you have been a goof girl, you deserve this.
'As' = because
tend to be used in more formal written English.