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The Montgomery Bus Boycott

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hermela alebachew

on 17 June 2014

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Transcript of The Montgomery Bus Boycott

Why have people's movements emerged in the second half of the 20th in United States?

In what ways have people's movements brought about change in society?
Essential Questions
Montgomery Bus Boycott Footage
Groups Involved
By-Hermela A.
-Susan G.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
Effectiveness of Movement
Significant,
non-violent
revolution in America; "it set the tone for the whole civil right movement"
(www.thenagain.info).

MIA organized an alternative transportation system during the boycott.
(www.holtlaborlibrary.org)

Segregation became unconstitutional; blacks could be employed in the system.

4 churches were bombed, buses were shot at, and a bomb was found on King's porch.
(www.historylearningsite.co.uk)

After the buses got desegregated other things followed. (www.standford.edu) like restaurants and stores
Goals and Strategies
STRATEGIES:
Avoid using public transportation; walk or use taxi instead .First few days of the boycott black taxi companies helped transport former bus riders. (http://www.dadalos.org)
Creating economic hardship on the bus compunies
The leaders filed a federal lawsuit against Montgomery's segregation laws.
GOALS:
End racial segregation on the city bus system peacfully.

Opposition of Movement
White people felt strongly about
the boycott. And not in a positive way.
Harassments and violences unleashed against the boycott movement
KKK also tried to scare the blacks



After the Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1875, Jim Crow Laws were no longer legal. Today, there is no segregation in public areas.

Unfortunately, racism still exists today.But the first step in reducing racism is awareness. Each individual should be aware of the diversity that the United States is made of.

Educating the youth about the problems that have occurred in history due to racism and prejudice, allows to demonstrate the effects of discrimination and help racism decrease in our society.

"The advice I would give any young person is, first of all, to rid themselves of prejudice against other people and to be concerned about what they can do to help others. And of course, to get a good education, and take advantage of the opportunities that they have."


When?
December 5, 1955, the arrest of Rosa Parks
The boycott lasted 381 days, into December 1956
When and Where
Whites tried to divide the black community.
Whites turned to violence, Dr. King's house was bombed (Jan. 30, 1956) and Nixon's house was as well (Feb. 1, 1956).
Some wanted the boycott to end because it was bad for business.
Others remained unaffected by the protest and did not want segregation of buses to end.
Sources
http://montgomerybusboycott.com/overview
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_national_association_for_the_advancement_of_colored_people_naacp1/
http://students.spsu.edu/asemenov/timeline.html
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_montgomery_bus_boycott_1955_1956/
http://www.dadalos.org/int/Vorbilder/vorbilder/mlk/montgomery.htm
http://www.holtlaborlibrary.org/BusBoycott.htm
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/montgomery_bus_boycott.htm
http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/systems/agentsheets/New-Vista/bus-boycott/
http://www.africanafrican.com/negroartist/SEGREGATION%20INTEGRATION/slides/KING%20&%20ABERNATHY%20INTEGRATED%20BUS%20DEC%2021%201956.jpg
http://teamster.org/sites/teamster.org/files/images/2%207%2012%20BHM%20newspaper%20.jpg
http://blogs.princeton.edu/reelmudd/files/2014/05/MLKonBus.png
http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/USA/MontBus.html
http://www.holtlaborlibrary.org/BusBoycott.htm
http://www.news.dm/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/montgomery-bus-boycott-300x204.jpg
http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/printmember/par0int-1
http://www.democracynow.org/2013/3/29/the_other_rosa_parks_now_73
Food for Thought
- Martin Luther King Jr., “The Montgomery Bus Boycott Speech” (1955)
Where?
In Montgomery, Alabama

Prominent leaders
Featuring words of Dr. King
Opposition's Response
The Montgomery Bus Boycott emerged
in 1955 to 1956 in response to the discrimination on city buses. This resulted
in a desegregated bus system and inspired
civil disobedience across America.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott emerged
in 1955 to 1956 in response to the discrimination on city buses. This resulted
in a desegregated bus system and inspired
civil disobedience
The MIA group arranged local reformers and minsters to form the boycott and elected
Martin Luther King Jr
President.
Edgar Daniel Nixon
played a critical role on organizing the movement after the arrest of Rosa Parks.
Ralph Abernathy
was Martin Luther King’s closest friend and advisor
Rosa Parks
sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Ralph David Abernathy
Prospects for the Future
(www.watson.org)
Edgar Daniel Nixon
"And I won't rest; I will face intimidation, and everything else, along with these other stalwart fighters for democracy and for citizenship. We don't mind it, so long as justice comes out of it. And I've come to see now that as we struggle for our rights, maybe some of them will have to die. But somebody said, if a man doesn't have something that he'll die for, he isn't fit to live."
Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) (http://students.spsu.edu)
Women's Political Council (WPC)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Years before the boycott, in 1946, the Women's Political Council (WPC) had a meeting with Montgomery's Mayor W. A. Gayle about Jim Crow laws that failed to produced any meaningful change. (http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu)
There was a law in the southern states against African Americans and white people sitting together on city buses.
On March 2, 1955, 15-year-old Claudette Colvin refused to give up her seat to a white passenger.
Historical Factors Leading To Movement
Thesis
The story of Rosa Parks
On December 1, 1955, Rosa was riding the bus home from work. A white man boarded the bus, the bus driver, James F. Blake, ordered her to move to the back of the bus so the white man could have her seat. She simply siad no.The driver asked her again she still refused to get up her seat, then the bus driver called the police. She was taken into custody. The court found her guilty of breaking the city's bus laws. But local black leaders decided to use her arrest to challenge Montgomery's busing laws.
Interview: Rosa Parks
Pioneer of Civil Rights
June 2, 1995
Williamsburg, Virginia
Full transcript