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Transcript of AFGHANISTAN
WHAT ARE THE UNIQUE CUSTOMS OF AFGHANISTAN?
Afghanistan is a multi-ethnic society. The population of the country is divided into a wide variety of ethno-linguistic groups
~Hospitality: no matter who you are, if you visit a home you will be given the best the family has.
~Their lives and vocations are centered around their home.
~Dining: Food is generally shared by everyone from the same dish. While eating, it is customary to sit on the floor and eat with your hands. It is also considered taboo to eat with your left hand.
~It is a common practice to remove your shoes when entering a home and to not point the bottom of your feet at someone. Also, try not to praise someone's clothing or jewelry too much, because they will feel compelled to give it to you.
Although soccer is the most popular sport followed by cricket, Afghanistan is popular for its game of Buzkashi which is a national sport played mainly in the northern part of the country. It is a form of polo centered around claiming the carcass of a goat.
~Clothing: men should wear conservative suits and shoes. If not working in a professional business, men usually wear traditional Afghan dress (long shirt and trousers) Women must dress modestly and show as little skin as possible. If working, women should wear knee-length, loose business skirts and loose professional trousers. Wearing headscarf is advised.
GLOBALIZATION & POP CULTURE
~Responsible for household duties; men and women’s roles are defined by tradition. In the cities, professional women do exist though.
~Women and men never shake hands or speak directly to one another. Eye contact is avoided, and acceptable as long as it is not prolonged.
~Also women should dress appropriately to avoid unwanted attention. This means loose pants so legs are indistinguishable. A headscarf is advisable but not required.
Afghanistan is known for its remnants of Greek civilization and Buddhist stupas and monasteries, as well as its intricate Islamic minarets, arches and monuments. This region contains vast mountain ranges, deserts, valleys, and rivers.
Because of its diverse landscape, Afghanistan has a varied physical features such as climate and food produced.
Afghan food is the combination of neighboring regions, including India. Modern Afghan cuisine is the blending of cooking methods of the major ethnic groups Pashtuns, Tajiks and Uzbeks. Influence of India obvious by spices used.The most popular dish of Afghanistan is Qabli Pulao. People eat it with meat, vegetables, and/or beans; and of course naan (bread) which they eat with almost everything.
After 30 years of war and Taliban rule and banning of music, pop culture has returned to Afghanistan. Millions watch Afghan Star, a Pop Idol-style TV series, which is a demonstration of Democracy (one man, one woman= one vote)
Pop culture alive in Afghanistan today has many Western influences. The Afghan city folk wear jeans and drive European cars. They also eat Western food including pasta and chips. Today, there is even a McDonald's present.
Globalization has increased due to stationed soldiers and media.
The origin of Dari comes from the Persians who spoke it during the rule of the Sassanid dynasty. New Persian developed over a span of 1000-1200 years. Dari is understood by over 90% of Afghanistan’s population.
Kaboli, Mazari, Herati, Badakhshi,
Panjshiri, Laghmani, Sistani, Aimaqi, Hazaragi
Holidays: celebrated according to the lunar calendar. Other non-religious holidays such as Independence day and New Year's day are celebrated based on solar calendar. During the holidays, Afghans usually visit friends and family, prepare lavish meals, and attend special prayers.
The Diffusion of Islam to Afghanistan
Islam is not a hierarchical religion, because the Imams (religious leaders) do not hold absolute authority.
-Holy book: Qur'an
-Important Prophet: Muhammad
People: Adam, Ibrahim, Musa, Dawud and Isa
-Basic Doctrines: The 5 pillars (shahdah, salah, zakah, sawm, hajj)
:absolute unity of God
:Belief in angels as part of Gods creation
:Belief in prophets
:Belief in scriptures
:Belief in final judgment (after-life)
Day: After a month of Fasting (Ramadan).
Many start out the day by wearing new clothes, and going to prayer. Afterwards, people visit or entertain their friends and families. Children usually receive gifts or money called "Eidi".
Day: Tenth day of the twelfth month of the Islamic (Hijra) calendar.
The day commemorates the Prophet Abraham's devotion to God. He was willing to slay his son Ismael as a sacrifice. Ismael was never killed, instead, Allah provided a lamb for the sacrifice. Muslims performing the Haj (pilgrimage to Mecca) sacrifice a lamb, and the meat is given out to the poor. This holiday is celebrated in the same fashion as Eid al-Fitr, people visit friends and families, gifts are exchanged, etc.
Day: Tenth day of the month Muharram in the Islamic calendar.
This is a day of mourning. It commemorates the martyrdom of Prophet Muhammad's grandson Hussain and his followers at the battle of Karbala.
Day: March 21
This is the first day of spring (New Year's Day for the solar calendar).
Holy Sites and Places of Worship
Islam spread to Afghanistan in the middle of the 7th century after the Islamic conquest of Persia. Arab Muslims defeated the Sassanid Empire, and the Muslim Arabs began to move towards east Persia (modern Afghanistan) in 642 AD.
Islam is an evangelical religion because it seeks converts. Today, they do this more by the means of preaching rather than missionaries.
"Food in Afghanistan." , Afghanistan Food, Afghanistan Cuisine. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013. <http://afghanistan.saarctourism.org/food.html>.
Historical Religious Conflict
The original split between Sunnis and Shia occurred after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, in the year 632. Sunni's wanted Abu Bakr to become caliph, while Shiites wanted Imam Ali. This resulted in a conflict that still resides in many places today.
Before Taliban rule, Afghanistan was segregated by 'de facto' or segregation that happens by fact, not law. During Taliban rule, it became both 'de facto' and 'de jure.' Today, though, many ethnic tensions have disappeared.
"There are a lot of children in Afghanistan, but little childhood.” -Khaled Hosseini
"Dari (Persian Dialect)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 13 Dec. 2013. Web. 15 Dec. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dari_(Persian_dialect)>.
"Important Holidays/occasions/festivitiescelebrated in Afghanistan." Afghanistan Online: Holidays. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013. <http://www.afghan-web.com/culture/holidays.html>.
"Defining the Term in Contemporary Times." Wheaton College Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013. <http://www.wheaton.edu/ISAE/Defining-Evangelicalism/Defining-the-Term>.
"OnIslam.net." Is There a Religious Hierarchy in Islam? N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013. <http://www.onislam.net/english/ask-the-scholar/shariah-based-systems/178241.html>.