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Transcript of Stress Management
Positive e.g. marriage
Negative e.g. divorce
Depends on perception Responses
Women: from fight-or-flight to tend-and-befriend Symptoms
Cognitive: inability to concentrate
Emotional: sense of loneliness and isolation
Physical: aches and pains
Behavioural: eating more or less Effects
Aging Allostatic load should be avoided "A physical state of deep rest that counteracts the harmful effects of the fight-or-flight response, such as increased heart rate, blood pressure, and muscle tension" (Benson, 2005).
Assists in undoing that harmful effects of excessive stress
Combined state of mind and body - 'restful alertness' Positives and Negatives of Stress Stress as beneficial - Eustress Stress as detrimental - Distress Some level of stress is desirable Stress Reduction - the Relaxation Response Achieving the Relaxation Response Relaxation and meditation techniques Humour Music Physical activities e.g. yoga or tai chi Problem-solving Hobbies or interests Prayer Sport Humour and Stress Management Important contributor to psychological wellbeing Defence mechanism Benefits of humour SM importance in PM and Organisations Essential part of organisational management
Important in maintaining and improving performance Stress and Organisational Change Employees need positive and healthy attitudes towards work to be able to make a difference Essential for an organisational culture to change
Stress management may be the reason for the change! Stress and Training and Feedback Training and feedback may cause stress i.e. dealing with sensitive topics, self-confidence, self-esteem, etc.
Employees need to know how to deal with contructive criticism Importance of rewards/compensation to combat or minimise stress Counselling Stress and Mindfulness A technique to manage stress and enhance performance The Relaxation Response "A physical state of deep rest that counteracts the harmful effects of the fight-or-flight response, such as increased heart rate, blood pressure, and muscle tension" (Benson, 2005). The Yerkes-Dodson Curve Efficiency actually increases when stress increases, but only up to a point; after that, performance falls off dramatically. Take stress to the top of the bell curve, and then elicit a calming activity... A Breakout Sequence The Relaxation Response can produce a sudden creative insight in which solutions to a problem are apparent and improved performance is evident. A Breakout Squence occurs in four steps:
1. Struggle mightily with a thorny problem;
2. Walk away from the problem and do something utterly different;
3. Gain a sudden insight - the actual breakout / flow / being in the zone;
4. Return to the new normal state in which the sense of self-confidence continues. Autogenic
Training Positive Thinking Finding an ideal work-life balance Nootropics Reading or
painting Meditation, yoga and deep breathing exercises Stress balls Time
Management ...and exercise Stress doesn't discriminate! AFL and stress managment - guest speaker Stress can impact everyone, no matter their level, role, or sector of employment. Although there may be stressors commonly experienced by a majority of employees, there are also sources of stress that are unique to specific situations. 1. Negative aspects of organizational systems and culture
2. Worries about performance expectations and standards
3. Career development concerns
4. Negative aspects of interpersonal relationships
5. Demanding nature of work itself
6. Problems associated with the work/non-work interface How would you deal with the stressors associated with being an AFL footballer? Things to consider:
- Lack of decision-making participation
- Constant pressure to perform
- Time-poor to develop career or study
- Injury woes
- Relocation and travelling concerns Example:
Sources of stress in AFL - 6 themes Noblet & Gifford, 2002