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ENG1D3 Summative: Poseidon
Transcript of ENG1D3 Summative: Poseidon
God of the Sea
Poseidon's parents are the Titans Cronus and Rhea. His siblings are Zeus, Hades, Hestia, Hera and Demeter. Due to a prophecy which said that one of Cronus' children would take him down, he swallowed them in fear. However, his wife tricked him into swallowing a rock instead of Zeus. When Zeus grew up he poisoned Cronus which lead him to vomit out his children. Poseidon and his siblings were saved.
Poseidon (roman name Neptune) is God of the sea, horses and earthquakes. He is one of the supreme gods of Mount Olympus but he spends most of his time in his underwater domain. After the overthrow of his father Cronus, him and his brothers divided the world between them. Zeus received the sky, Hades received the Underworld, and Poseidon received the sea.
Poseidon controls water, storms, sea monsters, and earthquakes.
Poseidon embodies primitive power, he is equal in dignity to Zeus but weaker. Poseidon is considered to be bad-tempered, moody and greedy among the Olympian Gods. He has a powerful vengeance if angered. He is less sociable than other gods and does not mix with mortals as much. Poseidon is imposing and usually depicted as a well-built strong man. There is no agreement on Poseidon's physical attributes. Some sources depict him with either white, green, blue or black hair and green or blue eyes. He is sometimes said to have a mermaid tail.
Poseidon's trident is his signature weapon and main symbol. It is a three-pronged spear created by various cyclops. His trident has the ability to control the sea, create storms, tidal waves, tsunamis, earthquakes, springs, etc.
The horse is one of Poseidon's sacred animals. Poseidon is also known as the "tamer of horses." He was once in love with Demeter. Demeter asked Poseidon to create the most beautiful animal in order to win her over. After several tries, Poseidon created the world's first horse. However, Demeter was no longer interested by then.
The dolphin is another one of Poseidon's sacred animals. Poseidon was constantly accompanied by dolphins as well as other sea monsters. At one point Delphinus, the king of dolphins helped Poseidon out.
Poseidon was once very lonely so he set out to find a wife. He came across the granddaughter of Oceanus, Amphitrite, a sea nymph with golden hair and blue eyes. He automatically fell in love with her and asked her to marry him. Amphitrite wanted to protect her virginity and rejected Poseidon because she disliked his violent nature, so she ran away. Poseidon was determined to marry her so he sent out Delphinus to find her and win her over for Poseidon. Delphinus convinced Amphitrite to marry Poseidon and they had three kids: Rhode, Benthesicyme and Triton.
While Demeter was searching for her daughter Persephone, Poseidon was following her and tried to seduce her. Demeter resisted and disguised herself by turning into a mare and hiding in a herd of horses. However, she could not disguise her divinity. Poseidon turned himself into a stallion and captured her. Afterwards, Demeter gave birth to two of Poseidon's children: Arion, the immortal horse and Despoena a fruit goddess.
Medusa, one of the three gorgons used to be extremely beautiful. While Medusa was beautiful, Poseidon seduced Medusa and they had intercourse on the floor of Athena's temple. Athena walked in and was so furious so she turned Medusa's tresses into snakes and made her so ugly that her sight would turn you to stone. When Perseus sliced Medusa's head off, out came two of Poseidon's off springs: Pegasus and the giant Chrysaor.
One of Poseidon's male lovers is Nerites. Nerites is a handsome, young sea god who was said to be the most beautiful of men and gods. Nerites was Poseidon's charioteer and lover. Poseidon and Nerites loved each other very much and their love resulted in Anteros, the god of requited love.
"Poseidon was the lover of Nerites [son of Nereus and Doris], and that Nerites returned his love, and that this was the origin of the celebrated Anteros (Mutual Love)."
~ Aelian, On Animals 14. 28, trans. Scholfield)
Poseidon and Athena both wanted to be the patrons of the city of Athens. There was to be a competition held between them, whoever gave the best gift to Athens won. Poseidon struck his trident in the ground and created a spring. However, the spring was salt water and had little use for the citizens. Athena created the olive tree, which gave the citizens food, wood, and oil. Athena won the contest and Poseidon was furious so he cursed Athens to never have enough water.
Poseidon is very honorable and does not like people who don't keep their word. King Minos once requested Poseidon for a bull, which he would sacrifice to Poseidon. Poseidon sent him the finest bull which emerged from the waves. The bull was so great that Minos refused to sacrifice it. Poseidon became angry and made Minos' wife fall in love with the bull, resulting in the Minotaur.
Poseidon once challenged Hera over the city Argos. Argos is Hera's hometown, and center of her worship. They called this to a vote between the Olympian gods. All the Gods voted for Poseidon and all the Goddesses voted for Hera. This resulted in Hera winning by one vote. Poseidon became furious so he dried up all the rivers surrounding Argos until women were no longer allowed to vote.
The Percy Jackson and The Olympians series revolves around teenage demigod named Percy Jackson. His father is Poseidon, which gives Percy powers such as controlling water, breathing underwater, and healing when in water. Poseidon appears several times and is referenced throughout the books. Rick Riordan, the author of the books uses Poseidon and Greek Mythology to explain things that are difficult to understand, just how Greek Mythology was always used.