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Transcript of Biomes
Temperate Broadleaf Forests
A chaparral is a region of dense, spiny shrubs, with tough evergreen leaves. The coastal areas result in cool ocean currents that produce rainy long winters, and hot long dry summers.
Deserts are the driest of all terrestrial biomes, some deserts can be very hot, with day time soil temperature above 60 degrees! However some can be cold and have temperatures below -30 degrees celcious.
Temperate grasslands are mostly treeless, except along rivers and streams: and are usually found around areas with cold winters.
The tundra is characterized by long, bitter-cold winters. The word itself derives from the Russian meaning "marshy plain". The climate here is extremely cold, with little light for long periods of time. The arctic tundra is characterized by permafrost, or continuously frozen soil.
By Jennifer Rocha
What is a biome?
A biome is a large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat. Biomes cover large areas of the Earth's surface with animals and plants that have adapted to its environment and climate.
There are two major different types, these are
freshwater and terrestrial biomes
Aquatic VS. Terrestrial
can be broken down into two basic regions, freshwater and marine.
lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, and wetlands
Freshwater biomes are defined by having a low salt concentration- about 1%
cover about three-fourths of the Earth’s surface and include
oceans, coral reefs, and estuaries.
are distinguished primarily by their predominant vegetation, and are mainly determined by temperature, climate and rainfall. There are 8 major types of terrestrial biomes: these include
tropical forests, savannas, deserts, grasslands, temperate forests, coniferous forests, tundras, and chaparrals.
Tropical forests occur in equatorial areas where the temperature is warm and/or humid.
: Quite variable but usually 200-400 com per year.
: (tree-dwellers) Monkeys, birds, insects, snakes, bats, and frogs.
- Woody vines known as lianas, and epiphytes (plants that grow on plants).
Savannas are dominated by grasses and scattered trees. They are also warm year round.
: 30-50 cm per year
- Ants and Termites.
- Mice, moles, gophers, snakes, ground squirrels, worms, and numerous arthropods.
some savannas may be home to giraffes, zebras, antelopes, lions, cheetahs, and kangaroos.
: Grasses and forbs
Less than 30 cm per year
Ants, birds, rodents, lizards, snakes, and hawks.
Deep rooted shrubs, and cacti.
Introduction to Biomes-Frank Gregorio/Youtube.com
35-60 cm per year.
Deer, fruit-eating birds, seed eating rodents, lizards, and snakes.
Shrubs, vegetation requires fires for maintenance.
10-30 in. per year
Bison, pronghorn, gazelles, zebras,wild horses, sheep, annelids, arthropods, and burrowing animals such as prairie dogs
Woody plants and grass.
These forests grow throughout mid-latitude regions where there is enough moisture for the growth of the large trees. Temperatures range from very cold winters to hot summers (-30 degrees celcious to +30 degrees celcious).
mice, shrews, ground squirrels, birds, bobcats, foxes, black bears, and mountain lions.
30-60 in. per year
Oak, hickory,birch, beech, and maple trees
The taiga is characterized by long cold winters and short, wet winters that are sometimes warm.
10-35 in. per year
Moose, elk, hares, bears, wolves, grouse,and migratory birds.
Spruce, pine, fir, and hemlock trees.
6-10 in. per year
Musk oxen, caribou, lemmings, arctic fox, and snowy owl: especially migratory birds.
Dwarf shrubs, grasses, mosses, and lichens.