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Gender and The Environment

Gender and Society JanTerm 2013

Charlene Haskin

on 28 January 2013

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Transcript of Gender and The Environment

A "Natural" Connection Problems linking women with Environmental Responsibility Facts on Environmental Issues: UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme Summary Examples From Reading: "Women and Environment in Development

Logging in Borneo, Malaysia

Class-Gender issues in Kenya

Resource "management" in India

Indian recyclers

Nepal forest management WDE Literature assumes a link between Women and the Environment in order to provide a solution to mobilizing conservation efforts.

- Women work directly with their environments
- Old world knowledge reflects environmental consciousness
- Intersections with Class and Social/Political Agendas impact women and the environment simultaneously -Changing cultural environmental attitudes
-Seniority Patterns and the Division of Labor
-Societal Reproduction
-Other influences
-livelihood strategies-intersectionality-changing status of "environmentally sustainable"

Is there a unified version of this assumed "special relationship" between women and the environment? If not, could there be? and what would it encompass?

Women and The Environment -Close to half of all people in developing countries suffering at any given time from a health problem caused by water and sanitation deficits.
-Millions of women spend several hours a day collecting water.
-Total number of children in the world 2.2 billion. For the 1.9 billion children from the developing world, there are 400 million with no access to safe water (1 in 5) 1.4 million die each year from lack of access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation
-2.5 billion people are forced to rely on biomass—fuelwood, charcoal and animal dung—to meet their energy needs for cooking.
-Indoor air pollution resulting from the use of solid fuels [by poorer segments of society] claims the lives of 1.5 million people each year, more than half of them below the age of five: that is 4000 deaths a day.
-Approximately 790 million people in the developing world are still chronically undernourished, almost two-thirds of whom reside in Asia and the Pacific.
-About 40 percent of deaths worldwide are caused by water, air and soil pollution, combined with population growth, both contribute to the malnourishment and disease susceptibility of 3.7 billion people
Women as "community managers" with influences on resource management and biodiversity maintenance.
-uniquely vulnerable

"Gender equality is now a cross-cutting priority in all UNEP activities, and the organization is systematically integrating gender perspectives into all its programme design and implementation, along with measurable goals and indicators."

"UNEP has adopted a high-level, sustained commitment to internal capacity-building on gender mainstreaming, utilizing various strategies, including organizational workshops and training, changes in policy and practice, and real accountability for implementation." Women and the environment are uniquely tied by their "natural instincts" and by their unfortunate lack of rights in a developing world.

While their connection may serve as a means for helping both attain rights, it is this lack of rights precisely that limits this progress.

Do you think that women are inherently tied to the environment more so than men? how?
Are women the ideal target group for environmental conservation as WDE/ecofeminist literature suggests? If not, who is?
Can environmental consciousness as a global problem ever have a global solution? and how will this affect and be affected by Gender Issues? "Victims of Development" Women and Nature: Organic Links
-"Organic process of growth..." -Shiva-Natural growth processes: farming, resource collection distribution and use, *pregnancy?

Exploiting Women and Nature: "Victims of Development"
-power dynamics of development
-Division of Labor and Gender Relations
-Changing traditional goals
-With 1.2 billion people lacking clean water, waterborne infections account for 80 percent of all infectious diseases. Increased water pollution creates breeding grounds for malaria-carrying mosquitoes, killing 1.2 million to 2.7 million people a year, and air pollution kills about 3 million people a year. Unsanitary living conditions account for more than 5 million deaths each year, of which more than half are children.
-Air pollution from smoke and various chemicals kills 3 million people a year
-Global warming contributes to more than 150,000 deaths and 5 million illnesses annually by increasing the spread of deadly diseases, creating conditions that increase malnutrition and increasing the amount and severity of environmental disasters -UN Women's Conference
-UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)
-Global Assembly on Women and Environment
-Global Gender and Climate Alliance
-Women's Environment and Development Organization
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