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Pros and Cons of Lincoln's 10% Plan

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Sebastian Llaneza

on 20 May 2014

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Transcript of Pros and Cons of Lincoln's 10% Plan

Abraham Lincoln and Thaddeus Stevens arguing/fighting for their political plans for reconstruction
The plan was used but only very 3 states, the reason it was not very popular to everyone is because of the lack of radical support which branched off onto them creating their own plan, and the most of the South did not agree with it's terms.
Why was the plan not used?
''I have borne a laborious, and, in some respects to myself, a painful part in the contest. Through all, I have neither assaulted, nor wrestled with any part of the constitution
-Abraham Lincoln
Our goverment rests in public opinion. Whoever can change public opinion, can change the goverment, practically just so much.
-Abraham Lincoln
Lincoln's 10% Plan did have several benefits and just as many flaws. Lincoln's Plan seemed like a good idea overall even though the Radicals had no support for it at all. His plan also showed how dedicated he was to want the South to quickly rejoin the Union without conflict because he did not have severe or any punishments to the commoners of the South.
3 states joined back into the Union, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Tennessee
Everyone in the South would get amnesty or immunity to punishment except for Confederate leaders pleasing the radicals slightly
The new Southern state goverment would have slavery banned in their Constitution to obviously end what the whole war and fighting was basically about, slavery
Help South easily and quickly transition back into the Union resulting by just having them pledge 10% of the state's loyalty
Pros/ Benefits
Betray, go back on promise
Radicals did not support his plan leading to them creating their own harsher plan and Lincoln and the Radicals fighting about their plans
Only 10% of the state would pledge loyalty so not a lot of the state may be loyal and follow their new constitution
North scared if South back in goverment they would find a way to bring back slavery by creating laws to counter against the 14th amendment
Too mild, would not punish South at all for their betrayal and years of bloddshed
Cons/ Flaws
Pros and Cons of Lincoln's 10% Plan
"Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a mans character, give him power."
-Abraham Lincoln
What i s the 10% Plan
The 10% Plan was created by Abraham Lincoln during the period of reconstruction which was the era of rebuilding the South's goverment, economy, and, buildings. His plan was suggested in December 1863 during the Civil War. The plan was simple, if 10% of the voters of a state took an oath of loyalty to the Union the state could form a new goverment with a constitution that banned slavery. One other effect was added, amnesty or immunity to all white Southerners besides Confederate leaders. Lincoln's goal for this plan was to rebuild the Union as quickly as possible.
Lincoln and Stevens comparing their plans, Wade-Davis Bill, and 10% Plan.
A picture of Columbia demanding their slaves back and Lincoln trying to avoid the conversation
"The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and, on application of the legislature, or the executive, against domestic violence."

- Abraham Lincoln
"I shall not ... retract the emancipation proclamation; nor ... ever return to slavery any person who is free by the terms of that proclamation, or by any of the acts of Congress."
-Abraham Lincoln

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