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The use of music in promoting memory retention and concentration
Transcript of The use of music in promoting memory retention and concentration
(Schellenberg, 2005) College students with music training had superior memory skills
(Hogan and Huesman, 2008) Positive effects? HOWEVER "Student's performed significantly better when mozart was played as background music!"
(Rowe and taylor, 2012) "Music is a tool that helps children with cognitive and learning disabilities!"
(Sze, 2006) Several studies say the opposite! Many researchers have failed to reproduce the Irvine Results!
(Dowd, 2008) A study of high school students revealed no statistical differences in their mean math point averages
(Cox and Stephens, 2004) Introverts and extraverts have significant personality trait differences that result in inconsistent effects of background music
(Daoussis and McKelvie, 1986) Memory tests on both introverts and extroverts showed a detrimental effect on memory retention when exposed to music as compared to silence
(Furnham and Bradley, 1997) So many different results, yet what is to be believed? The theory was initially developed by
Alfred A. Tomatis! Then overpopularized by certain authors, especially Don Campbell! Taken extremely seriously!
e.g. Zell Miller, Governor of Georgia Other researchers have then decided to expand on the subject, once again, testing its reliability If music does not enhance I.Q., could music have a beneficial effect on other learning abilities? This study tried to prove that classical music (Mozart) helps in improving memory retention and improve concentration METHODS PARTICIPANTS MATERIALS AND PROCEDURE K W O F P A D S M Z Z G K J E A K A B K I P F I M I N F P W M A J H I Y K O W L P Q A X Q End of Memory Test “B” Brown
Grey Which color was to the right of orange? Which is the correct set? Question 1 Good luck ! Memory test “B” Green
Grey Which of the colors is colored blue? Question 4 Which is the correct set? Question 1 By Charles Parent Memory Tests « A », « B » and Letter Test Instructions: You will be presented with five series of letters, each for 5 seconds, that get progressively longer each time. Write down the letters after each series is shown to you. Letter test Green
Grey Which of the colors is colored red? Question 5 Question 4 X
E Which of the following letters did not appear in the set? Question 3 Question 2 Which is the correct set? End of Memory Test “A” Question 5 Green
Grey Which color was to the right of blue? F
P Which of the following letters did not appear in the set? Question 3 Question 2 Which is the correct set? Good luck !
Memory test « A » Survey 1)Do you listen to music while studying?
2)If YES, what type of music do you listen to while studying? (Circle one(1) answer)
3)If YES, WHY do you listen to music while studying?
4)If NO, WHY do you not listen to music while studying? PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA Memory test Grading 72% of students listen to music while studying, compared to 28% that do not Do students mostly lean towards the listening of classical music during concentration/study sessions as predicted? Only one student answered "Yes" to listening to classical music while studying! Rock is the most popular (n=8)
Alternative (n=5) Reasons given by 36 students that answered YES to listening to music while studying:
- Promotes CONCENTRATION (n=19)
- HELPS MOOD (n=8)
- Relaxing (n=5)
- Relief from BOREDOM (n=4) Students that answered "NO" to listening to music while studying:
ALL ANSWERED THAT IT WAS DISTRACTING! (n=14)
and one specified that it was due to the lyrics, in particular. Hypothesis is inconclusive.
72% of students listen to music while studying and 28% do not. Could personality traits have an effect on memory retention when exposed to classical music?