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Copy of Drugs and medicines

Chemistry/ TICS

Laura Fernandez

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Drugs and medicines

Medical Advances
Coronel, Luciana
Díaz, Fátima
Escobar, Silvia
Gonzalez, Jonathan
Turpo Fernandez, Laura
Grupo # 4
Taller de Expresión Oral y Escrita
In vitro fertilization

Used as analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory
Birth control pill
a now-famous demonstration of ether on October 16, 1846 at the operating theater of the Massachusetts General Hospital

First use of ether as an anaesthetic


Forms of insulin


This discovery led to all the modern discoveries in molecular biology, the human genome, Bioinformatics, History and anthropology, Forensics, Genetic engineering..

The problem of the structure
Hormone , used for controlling the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood
Insulin facts
Chemical agents that stop the growth of micro-organisms (germs) on external surfaces of the body and help prevent infections

Hand washing –
Pre-operative skin disinfection
Mucous membrane disinfection
Preventing and treating infected wounds and burns
Treating mouth and throat infections

Over the last two centuries there have been significant strides in medical research, disease treatment and the improvement of patient's quality of life.
Is really important the information about this medicines and drugs. Their health effects are really bad, that is why we must never auto-medicate, is better to visit an specialist who can give correct medication to treat your problem.
X RAys
A beam of radiation that can go throughsolid objects and is used for photograhing the inside of body
vaccine:a substance which contains a weak form of the bacteria or virus that causes a disease and is used to protect people from that desease
William T. G. Morton
Henry Jacob Bigelow
John Collins Warren
The term "insulin" originate from insula, the Latin word for islet/island
Insulin's timeline starts back in 1869
1922. First usage of insulin as a medical treatment
1923. Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to a team at the university of toronto

Insulin is a hormone
It makes our body's cells absorb glucose from the blood
The glucose is stored in the liver and muscle as glycogen
When there is no insulin in the blood,our body uses fat as a source of energy.
Insulin is not identical in all animals
Porcine insulin is the most similar to human insulin
Insulin is produced in the pancreas
When protein is ingested insulin is released.
Insulin makes it possible for glucose to enter our body's cells
• People with type 1 diabetes
• People with type 2 diabetes
• Women with gestational diabetes

People who may need insulin therapy include:
The pancreas
Irregular insulin treatment:

The role of insulin in diabetes treatment
increased heartbeat
blurred vision
a life-threatening complication known as diabetic acidosis
Analogue insulin
Animal Insulin
Human Insulin

Antibiotics destroy micro-organisms inside the body
Disinfectants destroy micro-organisms found on inanimate (non-living) objects.
Birth control pill Effects
Headache, dizzines, breast tenderness
Breakthrough bleeding
Decreased libido
Weight gain
Antiseptics are used for:
Boric acid
Sodium chloride
Sodium hypochlorite
Sodium bicarbonate
Some common antiseptics
also known as "painkillers," an analgesic is any drug used to reduce pain.

There are three main types of analgesics:
(derived from Willow Tree Bark),
(derived from Coal Tar),
Louis Pasteur's germ theory of putrefaction
1867. Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery ( by Joseph Lister)
1150B.c.Ebers Papyrus
1700s Notable womanizer Casanova
1880s Dr. Wilhelm Mensinga
"the diaphragm."
1916 -- Margaret Sanger
Animal Insulin
1960 -- The FDA approves Enovid
1965 -- Griswold vs. Connecticut
1992 -- Depo-Provera
1998 --"the morning-after pill"
2000 to 2002
2006 -- Implanon enters the U.S. market
2007 -- The FDA approves Lybrel
5000 BC
The clay tablets of the Sumerians
1500 BC
The Ebers Papyrus
800 BC ancient greeks
400 BC
1527 BCE Paraclesus
1660s BCE
Thomas Sydenham
1763 BCE Edward Stone
1804 BCE Friedrich Serturner
1886 BCE Antifebrin
1887 BCE Researchers at the dye-company Friedrech Bayer & Co
1897 BCE Aspirin
1897 BCE
1961 BCE
McNeil Laboraties began marketing Tylenol tablets.
These 10 advances have affected medicine in a big way
Full transcript