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Guiding young Children Towards Literacy

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Sharmaine Batu

on 12 May 2016

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Transcript of Guiding young Children Towards Literacy

Provide them adequate support.
Developmentally appropriate techniques are best avenues.

Are the content and activities of your session appropriate to the needs and age of the children?
Are they based on their concrete life situation?
Literacy development among children begins earlier then we previously imagined.

Theirs is an EMERGING LITERACY,
a complex and an on-going process that starts from birth.

It goes on as they acquire Language, learn Concepts, and increase their capacity for thinking.
Young children gain literacy skills at their pace as they interact with their environment.

Emergent Literacy of Children
Steps to guide young children
Step 1: Basic strokes
9 basic strokes
After writing the strokes follow up exercise may be made like writing the strokes on the air, writing activities or writing sheets. This is your opportunity to teach writing direction while doing the strokes: left to right and up then down direction.
These are basic requirement before you can teach reading and writing to young children:
1. Children must first be provided with various fine-motor skills (pre-writing) activities like arts and crafts, string beads and puzzles to practice eye-hand coordination and small-muscle needed for writing.
Some people say that young children are too young to read. You might have finally decided to teach literacy.
but what methods and materials are available and what language will you use?
Guiding young Children Towards Literacy
2. Children must be also ready to read before they can actually read. creative activities that will develop their reading readiness must be provided often.
3. day care centers that are filled with signs and labels, equipped with picture books and regularly feature story-telling or reading by the day care workers will nurture children in literacy development.
There are only nine basic strokes that the children should learn to be able to read and write. You will introduce the stroke one at a time and asking children to name the stroke. Children usually assign names from an object familiar in their environment.
Introducing strokes is faster for older children (from 5 years old above) because of their more developed visual and motor skills.
Step 2: Vowel Sounds
You will present vowel sounds one at a time.
You may present a situation using vowels.
You can follow this up with various creative activities to reinforce learning of sounds.
Like, singing exercise that substitute vowels and a activity sheet may be provided after.

Explain that all five vowels have corresponding sounds and they are called vowels.
is shared by group of
Language
people and that is language is
presented in symbols.
These symbols may be written and read.
Step 3: Generative words
These are words that elicit intense emotions like joy, anger, fear and love from children. they are therefore the best words that children should first read.
1. Experience the word.

2. Writing of the word.

3. Breaking down of the word.

4. Blending.

5. Deletion and Manipulation.

6. Helping words and Punctuation Marks

7. Order of the Alphabet and Lower case letters

1. Experience the word.
"Christmas"
2. Writing of the word.
You may write the word on the board or have it as a "WORD OF THE WEEK" and put it where it can be easily seen by your students.
3. Breaking down of the word.
a. By syllable
Christ-mas
b. By letter
C/h/r/i/s/t/m/a/s
4. Blending.
The word Christ- was read again and then -mas were read as blend. The whole word "Christmas" was read again and reviewed.
5. Deletion and Manipulation.
You will form new words from
CHRISTMAS
EXAMPLE:
Mat
Car
Hat
Sit
Rat
Rim
Him
Cat
Tar
Math
Mist
Miss
Trim
Rich

Christ

6. Helping words and Punctuation Marks
Give children one helping word at a time and use it in a sentence and also teaching them the right punctuations.
example:
Christmas is merry.

You can also introduce these words thru flash cards or whenever you read a story.
7. Order of the Alphabet and Lower case letters
The last step approach presents the letters of the alphabet in order. You can now introduce the equivalent lower case letters.
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