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Images of childhood
Transcript of Images of childhood
Child As Evil
As De Mause (1992)states "children who were considered less than perfect were drowned, exposed to the elements or starved'"( Sorin and Galloway,2006 p 14).
Medea killing her sons by Eugene Fredinand and Victor Dellacroix (1862 )
*a theory in the 17th and 18th centuries
*the belief was that knowledge would be discovered through reason
*this would provide them with happiness and freedom
*they believed killing a child with imperfections was correct and provided them happiness
Personally the thought of killing because of perceived imperfections horrifies me. All children should be treated equally and have the right to live regardless of their differences. Diversity and equity is something I that I would encourage in my future teachings.
The Snowballing Child
As Lisa Marie's father was so busy and distracted she took control of the power.Sorina and Galloway (2006) state "any power the child has is power that has been taken away from the adult,rather than power in the child's right"( p 15).
Children need to have boundaries,discipline and respect. They need to learn to compromise and work with others. These are very important aspects of teaching children.
The out of control child.
These children normally "use power in negative ways, such as violence, to get people to do what they want them to do". (Sorin and Galloway 2006, p15) The look of contempt portrays an angry person.
Children challenging authority is very common and something that as a future educator i must address.Encouraging respect, honesty and open communication may assist to having a balanced relationship.
Children rebel and become violent as they don't have a strong bond with their parents.
Adult in training and the miniature adult
*children are forced to work like adults
*childhood is not perceived to be a separate phase of development
Children need an opportunity to be children and playing is an important part of development and learning. Ensuring children have the correct balance of play in life is important.
hilst Westerners might take exception to eight year girls working, within their own communities these activities are seen as normal and a positive part of childhood". (Montgomery,2006 .p 3)The ideas of the role of the child differ dependent on cultures.
The noble saviour
*the child has assumed power
*taken over adult responsibilities
*the responsibility has been placed upon him
*they fend more for themselves
*makes sacrifices for the good of others
A child that has assumed responsibility for an adult may feel lots of emotional pressure. Within a classroom environment the child can be encouraged to concentrate on learning and having fun.
The child as a victim
*children of famine, neglect or abuse
*normally the adult is also suffering
Personally this is one of the most confronting issues educators need to deal with. Neglected or abused children need to be referred onto specialist trained staff. The children should be monitored and assisted constantly and as educators we must ensure they don't get lost in the "system."
Out of control child.
Child centred society.
In this instance the rights of the child has become more important, as the parent allows the child to do as they wish.
some people believe children are created to serve adults. "Children are our greatest natural resource".(Canella 2008 p 36) In this image the child 's duty is to fight for his country.
Colonialist Power Perspective
Charitable agencies request donations to help starving children,and Burmann (1994) argues this creates a perception that first world countries are saviours and these children are hopeless". (Canella,2008. p37)
The agentic child may be quite independent but may feel they have lots of responsibility. As an educator you must ensure the child can feel relieved of their duites and can learn and devolop as a normal child.
Hidden disqualified knowledge
Woodhead (1990)discusses the notion of childcare. In many cultures younger children look after their siblings and some children don't need adults to tell them what to do.
The Agentic child
*power is negotiated and shared
*both adults and children help each other
The commodified child
*the use of a child for marketing reasons
*children are largely powerless
Galloway and Sorin 2006 state "some of these children have an illusion of power, since they derive ,material benefit from the use of their image"(p 18.)
Although these children may think they are happy they are being exploited by their parents. In a classroom environment they need to adjust to being with other children and the educator needs to encourage teamwork and friendships.
Child centred theory.
*the parents put the children's needs first
*the idea that children are the most important factors of society and they deserve better than adults
*adults should look after the young
*a time of innocence
*children are granted little power
*they are perceived incapable of making decisions
The Romantics theory
*children became important
*they could think for themselves
*children could also teach adults about truth and honesty
The innocent child is perceived as helpless and needing to be looked after Although children should be cared for and their health and safety are paramount, children should also be given the opportunity to grow and think for themselves.
bY MARIA ALESSI
Childhood has changed drastically over the past few hundred years,from children being killed to now being cherished and loved.This presentation discusses the ten different contexts of children and some diverse theories. As educators we must ensure we understand children and teach according to their individual needs.
Although childhood has changed over the past few hundred years, childhood normally represents love, need, diversity and challenges. Children are our future so we must give our children the opportunities to thrive and be happy.
Images of Childhood