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Clinton Rossiter "The Presidency - Focus on the Leadership"
Transcript of Clinton Rossiter "The Presidency - Focus on the Leadership"
Barrack Obama is the current President of the United States, if you didn't know, and plays the different roles of an executive leader. As the Commander in Chief he has Increased US troop levels in 2009 in Afghanistan up to 17,000 but now is withdrawing from Iraq. As the Leader of Free Nations increased relations with Israel and attempts to mend relations between Israel and Palestine were pushed for. Trying to support the ousting of Gadhafi in Libya to promote democracy and killing Bin Laden were just some successes.Being the Chief Legislator, he passed Obamacare to provide healthcare for people, signed 23 executive orders on gun control, and passed the economic stimulus in 2009 of 800 billion dollars. As the Chief Executive certain Executive orders signed to get women same pay as men and raises minimum wage for federal contract workers appeared. As the Chief of Stat Obama was involved in many ceremonies around the US. By pushing for Obamacare and unifying Democrats' ideals, Party leader was an easy job.
Clinton Rossiter "The Presidency ~ Focus on the Leadership"
Why should the president be handed such a large burden? Rossiter says that the president is the leader of the executive branch because he serves as “common guidance” to all the civil servants of the executive branch. He is essentially accountable for almost everything and anything such as: ethics, loyalty, efficiency, frugality, and responsiveness to all of the people under the national administration. He is the face of the executive branch, the one everyone in the bureaucracy looks up to. The Constitution explicitly says that the executive branch must “take care that the laws be faithfully executed” and gives the branch power to make appointments and removals.
In 1921, the Budget and Accounting Act established the Bureau of the Budget, soon to be Office of Budget and Management, to help control the money flow organization in the White House. During his presidency, Calvin Coolidge led the branch by creating newer budgets for each individual department, allowing him to better understand the entirety of the nation.
Power? How much?
The Constitution does not explicitly say how large the bureaucracy can grow, so how does the president have so much power? Article II of the Constitution appoints the president as "Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States." This power has now been expanded to include the Air Force, the marines, and all other armed forces operating under the command of the United States (p. 75). Congress passed the War Powers Act in 1973 to limit the president's powers to deployment of troops overseas for a period no longer than sixty days and only during peacetime, but, as always, there are loopholes. In 2001 President George W. Bush sought authorization to use force against those responsible for the September 11 attacks. Both houses of Congress approved. Then again, in October of 2002 President Bush declared Iraq a threat to peace, and was granted by Congress the authority to use force that he deemed to be "necessary and appropriate" (p. 249).
The president is the Leader of the Party...somewhat. Earlier when parties were first being constructed, the President had far more influence over each aspect, but now the President has more pressing matters. WIht his own advising counsel, he creates policies to benefit the nation as the first priority. The chief doesn't exactly have complete control but he does maintain some level of power within said party. With his powers as the president, he can appoint positions to members of his party, use his influence to upbring other members throughout the branch. In turn, the party re-elects the President with funds and campaigning. Although there are some benefits, the President is the complete leader of the party. His power is only dependent on how many members he actually has under his wing.
In the past, presidents have used their influence to help the globe entirely. George H.W Bush was able to remove Panama’s oppressive president, Manuel Noriega, from power with Operation Just Cause. This sent 24,000 troops seized control over the country. He signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) alongside Gorbachev of the Soviet Union which reduced the nuclear arms by 35% for both countries over 7 years. Bill Clinton also expanded American hegemony by responding to the 1998 Al-Qaeda bombings of U.S. embassies with cruise missile strikes on terrorist targets in Afghanistan and Sudan. Operation Allied Force, led by Clinton, helped stop ethnic cleansing of Albanians. He also signed US- China Relations Act of 2000 for permanent normal trade relations. Finally George W. Bush made his place by launching the War on Terror following 9/11 and the 2003 Invasion of Iraq to remove Saddam Hussein. This in turn led to Afghanistan Invasion to take down the Taliban
Leading the Branch
Every branch of the government needs to be unified with a common goal or direction. For the executive branch, the president steps up to the podium. What the chief has to signify, how the power of the president has grown, his role in his respective party, and the recent actions of the past four presidents will all be discussed.
The Reorganization acts allowed the president to reorganize the executive branch to increase efficiency. It allowed the president a two year period to hire additional staff and reorganize the branch. It also established the Executive Office of the President, which consists of the immediate staff to the President and the multiple levels of support staff that report to the President. The White House Chief of Staff (currently Dennis McDonough) is the head of the Executive Office of the President. The EOP has grown tremendously over the years and currently has approximately 4000 employees.
President Roosevelt during WWII forced the evacuation of 70,000 Japanese-Americans from the West Coast, seized sixty strike-bound plants and industries, and created multiple boards and offices "to keep the peace."
Another example is Abraham Lincoln. During the Civil war Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus, closed the U.S. mails, and had southern ports blockaded. By blockading the ports Lincoln was initiating war without the approval of Congress. Lincoln argued that he was making sure that the laws of the United States were faithfully executed and therefore his actions were constitutional