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Innovations of the Islamic Civilization

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by

Payal Amin

on 12 October 2015

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Transcript of Innovations of the Islamic Civilization

Innovations of the Islamic Civilization
By: Payal Amin
Under the rule of the Abbadsid Empire, Islamic literature had a chance at flourishing. During the rule of al-Rashid and his successor al-Ma'mun, literature reached its height during the 'Golden Age'. Arabic prose and poetry became inseparable. This combination led to the creation of
ghazals
, which are lyric poems consisting of rhyming couplets. Great examples of Islamic
literature would be
Kitab al-Hayawan
by Abu
'Uthman 'Umar bin Bahr al-Jahiz, and
Thousand and One Nights
which was based
on the court of al-Rashid.
Literature
Education was built on during the Umayyad reign , as caliphs sought to encourage people to seek knowledge. Interestingly, the Islamic mosque also was a part of spreading education as it was directly connected to a school building in some places. These schools taught literary
arts and the study of various sciences.
Some great schools would be
Al-Azhar which taught astronomy and
engineering, and Al-Qayrawwan which
taught medicne, mathematics,
grammar, and astronomy.
Education
In Bhagdad, the House of Wisdom was created to translate major Greek and Indian mathematical works. Islamic people expanded mathematics from the roots of previously disovered knowledge, and they made vital improvements to that knowledge. They corrected mistakemn theorems and craeted way to implement mathematics into other fields. Some prime examples of innovations in mathematics would be advancements
to the sine, cosine, and tangent, as
well as the advancement of the
binomial theorem by Al-Karaji.
Mathematics
Islamic belief held that Muslims had a duty to take care of those who are sick. One of the major contibutuion they made was the establishment of extremely vital hospitals. Their ability to create these hospitals allowed tem to spread healthcare to people living in rural areas as well. A very prominent physician, Al Nafis, concluded through several experimaents that our pulse is a result of theart pushing blood around the body. Also, Al Razi, who is known as the father of Islamic medicine, was able to study human physiolody and understand how the brain and nervous system worked together to move muscles.
Medicine
Islamic scholars were very skilled in the field of astronomy and they made many contributions. Their work was an extension of the ancient Greece, Indian, and Persian work. During the rule of the Abbasid caliphs, Baghdad was a central city for the study of astronomy. They studied eclipses of the moon and sun. as well as the rotation of planets. Also, they were able to calculate the circumference of the earth within several thousand feet. Overall, they were able to create models of the universe based on their findings.
Astronomy
The first pieces of Islamic art were based on the earlier cultures that pre-dominated a particular area. Overtime, and with the help of increasing Islamic dominance, art unique to the Islamic faith came to life. Islamic art was enabled to advance under the Umayyad caliphate. Some examples of Islamic art are the Dome of the Rock in Jersusalem, and the Mosque Lamp from Amir Aydakin al 'Ala'I al–Bunduqdar's Mausoleum.
Art
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