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Tanks in WW1

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Chance Smith

on 23 March 2011

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Transcript of Tanks in WW1

Tanks in WW1 The tank as we know it today was first manufactured and used during World War 1.
The British can be thanked for the first tank, specifically the British Navy. The design and invention of the tank cannot be credited to one person. Its design can be traced back into the eighteenth century. Tanks, later in the war, had a huge advantage over other vehicals of war for one reason: Caterpiller tracks. These tracks made it possible for tanks to travel through rough terrain with ease. The caterpiller track was first invented in its most raw form in 1770 by Richard Edgeworth. The first tank invented, and used, was given the name "Little Willie". Little Willie Landship Britian,1915 This was the first tank to be put into practice in the military, designed from peacetime tractors, and was intended to carry infantry men into war under the protection of it's armor. The Little Willie failed to be effective in maneuvering the trenches use in WW1, but influenced countries to explore with new tank designs. Shneider Char d'Assault France, 1915 The St. Chamond saw combat thoughout the war. The tank could never really move over typical battlefield terrain, but was used as a heavy assault gun with its 75mm model.
The Tank Mk 1 was a ground breaking piece of war machinery. This tank was first used in battle in 1916 by the British army, and it proved its title with its typical WW1 one-track style treads. The tank also housed a twin pounder cannon and a .30 caliber machine gun. Tank Mk 1(Centipede / Big Willie)
Britan, 1916 Quick Facts
Year First Deployed:1915
Tanks Main Purpose:Move infantry men through battle saftly.
Crew Required To Operate:
Weapons and Defence: N/A
Additional Notes: Tank failed to maneuvor through muddy trenches. Quick Facts
Year First Deployed: 1915
Tanks Main Purpose: Heavy piece of war machinery designed to take out enemy machine gunners and posts.
Crew Needed To Operate: 9 personal
Weapons and Defense: .75 caliber machine gun and two 8mm machine guns.
Additional Notes: The tanks long body and extremely low ground clearence made it unable to travel over un-level ground. Quick Facts
Year First Deployed: 1916
Tanks Main Purpose: Defense and artiliary
Crew Needed To Operate: 8 personal
Weapons and Defense: Twin 6-pounder cannons and a .30 caliber machiene gun for defense.
Additional Notes: The top of the tank was lined with barbed wire to deflect enemey grenades. Tsar Tank
Russian Empire, 1916 The Tsar Tank otherwise known as Netopyr',which stantds for a bat, or the Lebedendko Tank was invented by Nikolai Lebedendko.It differed from modern tanks in that it did not use caterpillar tracks—rather, it used a tricycle design. The two front spoked wheels were nearly 27 feet in diameter; the back wheel was smaller, 5 feet high, triple wheel, to ensure maneuverability. The huge wheels were intended to cross significant obstacles. However, due to miscalculations of the weight, the back wheel was prone to be stuck in soft ground and ditches. Quick Facts
Year First Deployed:Never used in combat.
Tanks Main Purpose:To be able to move through trenches
Crew Needed To Opperate:10
Weapons and Defense:a large cannon and 2 smaller ones on the underside of the vehicle
Additional Notes:The project was scrapped after initial tests deemed the vehicle to be underpowered and vulnerable to artillery fire.
Sturmpanzerwagen A7V Germany, 1917 The Sturmpanzerwagen A7V series was the first german attempt at building a functional tank and had limited success. Quick Facts
Year First Deployed:1917
Tanks Main Purpose: To transport soldiers and kill as many enemy soldiers as possible
Crew Needed to Opperate: 18
Weapons and Defense: six 7.92 mm MG08/15 machine guns and a 5.7 cm Cockerill-Nordenfelt fortification gun mounted at the front. 20 mm of steel plate at the sides and 30 mm at the front.
Additional Notes: Only 21 tanks were made and were not used in the war. Germans did not invesigate tank designs further during WW1. Renault FT-17 France, 1917 The Renault FT-17 was a french light tank that would on to influence general tank design for a century. The light tank could move faster then heavier tanks made before and had better mobility. This was used in a strategy to overun the battlefield with an overwhelming amount of tanks. Quick Facts
Year First Deployed:1917
Tanks Main Purpose: Tranports for soldiers and to flood the battlefield with tanks to overwhelm the enemy.
Crew Needed to Operate:2
Weapons and Defense: A potent 37mm main gun that could fully rotate, and 2 anti-infantry machine guns.
Addition Notes: The FT-17 brought into play two crucial design elements that are still used to today - that of a fully rotating turrent and mounting the engine in the rear, protecting vital parts of the tank. Holt Gas-Electric Tank Tanks in WW1 The Holt Gas-Electric Tank was the first prototype tank built in the United States. It was modelled after a tractor and was simply too heavy and underperformed. Quick Facts
Year First Deployed:Never,it was a prototype.
Main Purpose: To develop a agile and useful tank for the United States.
Crew Needed to Operate:6
Weapons and Defense:75 mm gun placed low in the V-shaped nose; two removable Browning 7.92 mm machine guns in sponsons on each side. The engine and transmission were in the rear.
Additional Notes:The Holt was just an armored tractor with guns. United States, 1918 M1917 6-ton Tank The M1917 6-ton tank was an American license-production copy of the highly successful French-designed Renault FT-17. United States, 1918 Quick Facts
Year First Deployed:1918
Main Purpose: A light tank that could be used with agility for American troops and to sell to other countries.
Crew Needed to Operate:2
Weapons and Defense:37mm cannon and 100 horse power.
Additional Notes:The M1917 was said to look more like a child's toy in person then a weapon of war. Mark IX tank Britain, 1918 The Mark IX tank classified as an armored personnel carrier and the worlds first effective one. Quick Facts
Year First Deployed:1918
Main Purpose:an armored vehicle capable of transporting combat ready troops and supplies to the frontlines.
Crew Needed to Operate:4 manning the tank and up to 30 could be carried.
Weapons and Defense:10mm thick armor plate
Additional Notes:The Mark IX was affectionately called "The Pig" due to it's distinct front end shape. Mark A/Whippet Britain, 1918
The Mark A was developed from the "Little Willie" design and was called the "Whippet" by the designer. Quick Facts
Year First Deployed:1918
Main Purpose: cheap tanks that could be used for fast mobile attacks
Crew Needed to Operate: 3
Weapons and Defense:four 0.303 in Hotchkiss Mk 1 machine guns, one covering each direction.
Additional Notes: The gunner had to jump around guns to fire in certain direction. Mark VIII/Liberty United States, 1919
The Mark VIII "International Tank",also Liberty was the first tank to be produced via a collarborative effort between the US and Britain, also taking ideas form France. Quick Facts
Year First Deployed:Was not used in WW1, but designed and produced.
Main Purpose:An ultimate tank that surpasses any other tanks and cover certain design flaws.
Crew Needed to Operate:12
Weapons and Defense:Primary
armament Two Hotchkiss 57 mm guns, and as secondary weapons, seven 7.92 mm Hotchkiss machine guns or five M1917 Browning machine guns.
Additional Notes: A model of the MK VIII was used in Indiana Jones and the Lost Crusade.
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