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Nobel Peace Prize Winners 1993
Transcript of Nobel Peace Prize Winners 1993
Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk
Nelson Mandela and de Klerk played a crucial role in securing the abolition of apartheid through their ideas and actions as the leader of the ANC armed struggle and president respectively. Although the termination of apartheid was regarded as “peaceful”, the negotiations to peacefully terminate apartheid was because of the violence and battles that were happening in South Africa.
Born Rolihlahla Mandela in Transkei South Africa on July 18, 1918
Renamed "Nelson" by his primary school teacher in keeping with the tradition of giving "christian" names
Received his tertiary education at the University College of Fort Hare and the University of Witewatersrand; he studied law
Interested in black resistance; joined the African National Congress and engaged in resistance against apartheid policies
His actions- (the armed struggle) resulted in charge of treason and a sentence of life imprisonment even though short lived (27 years)
F. W. de Klerk
Born on March 18 1936
Received a law degree from Potchefstroon University in 1956
Became the leader of the National Party in February 1986 and subsequently South Africa's president
Desired a non-racist South Africa and initiated talks to end apartheid when he took office
He release Mandela from prison and together they led South Africa apartheid freed.
Mandela and de Klerk were fully responsible for South Africa's transition to the democratic nation. This responsibilty beheld by them made the them worth of the Nobel Peace Prize, but the committee should be attracted to the fact that violence was the particular force that stipulated the "peaceful termination".
Nobel Peace Prize Award 1993
The Nobel Peace Prize 1993 was rewarded jointly to Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk "for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa" (Nobelprize.org).
What is apartheid?
According to Ramsammy Edwards “Apartheid literally means “separateness” or “apartness” in Afrikaans. As an ideology and statutory framework, it referred to South Africa's notorious system of rigid racial segregation, through which the ruling Afrikaner-based National Party (NP) attempted to create separate cultural, political, and social spaces for white, African, Indian, and colored (mixed race) South Africans after its electoral victory in 1948.”
Violence in South Africa
Convention for a Democratic South Africa CODESA
Burning of bodies
Smashing of windows
"Hope and instrument for survival for the blacks and whites"
Nelson Mandela remarks “when the process reaches such a stage when we have an effective say in government, we would relinquish everything. I say you are asking us to commit suicide because when your government is not prepared to intervene and stop the violence… when our people be asking to be armed…what political organization can hand over weapons to the very person that kills him?”
De Klerk “an organization which remains committed to armed struggle cannot be trusted completely when it also commits itself to peaceful negotiations”.
Before the Consensus
Mkhondo, Rich. Reporting South Africa. London; James Currey Ltd, 1993. Print
“Biography’. Nelsonmandela.org. Web. 25 March 2014.
“F.W. de Klerk - Biographical". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 25 March 2014.
"F.W. de Klerk - Nobel Lecture". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 25 March 2014.
"Nelson Mandela - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 30 March 2014.
"Nelson Mandela and the Rainbow of Culture". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 30
"Nelson Mandela - Nobel Lecture". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 30 March
"Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla." The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York: Columbia University
Press, 2013. Credo Reference. Web. 25 March 2014.