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Water safety

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lilla Carrick

on 14 September 2012

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Transcript of Water safety

No matter the amount of water children should never be left alone. Water Safety for Children In 2009 30% of unintentional death were related to water injuries. Making it the second leading cause of death in children under the age of 14. Children can drown in 1 inch of water Unconsciousness occurs in 2 min Permanent brain damage occurs in 4-6 min Most children have been missing less than 5 minuets, when care giver notices Infants *Always support baby's back *Only use 3 to 4 inches of water in the tub *Check water temperature (120 Degrees Fahrenheit prevents scalding) *NEVER LEAVE BABY
ALONE IN A TUB Infants from 6 months to 1 year *hold their breath underwater *roll onto back and float unassisted 6 month old's can learn to... 1 year old's can learn to... *Hold their breath underwater *roll onto back to float *swim with their head down *rest and breath *roll back over and swim again Toddlers Always remain with in arms reach Teach them... *Not to run! WALK! *Never swim alone *Don't call for help unless there is an emergency! Know their limits *Never push anyone under water Just because they know how to swim does not make them safe alone *Gather all supplies before starting a bath *Place rubber mat on bottom of the tub *Remove all electrical appliances away from tub *Fill the tub no higher than the baby's waist while sitting *Keep Toilet lids closed General home safety tips Keep pools fenced, and locked at all times Drain toddler pools after each use Don't leave garbage can, or buckets with water in child's play area Family Water Safety Janet, Zana, Alex & Desiree Water Safety for School Age Kids courtesy of co.pasquotank.nc.us Still curious Characteristics Sense of wonder Over-Confident Independence Courtesy
of allentownpa.gov Positive role models What do They Need? Rules Supervision Education Courtesy of sheknows.com 1 Safety Tip LEARN TO SWIM! Always swim with a friend; never alone Other Safety Tips for School Age Kids Read & obey rules and posted signs Adult lifeguard should always be present Courtesy of cecra.com 1st warning-tell them what they are doing wrong The Over Confident Kid Courtesy of ourfamilynest.worldpress.com Have consequences for not obeying the RULES 2nd Warning-Sit out for 5 or 10 min 3rd Warning-sit out for 30 min or rest of the day Diving Safety Learn proper diving techniques Obey "no Diving" signs Be sure of water depth and free of obstructions Never dive into above ground pool or the shallow end of and in ground pool # Never dive into cloudy or murky water In open water, always check for objects under the surface, such as logs, stumps, boulders & pilings Check the shape of the pool bottom to be sure the diving area is large enough and deep enough for the intended dive. Dive only off the end of a diving board not the side. Do not bounce more than once on the end of a diving board. Do not run on a diving board or attempt to dive a long way through the air. Swim away from the diving board after entering the water Don't know how to swim Always wear a life jacket Courtesy of lettersforlindsay.com Water Safety for Preschoolers Young children are especially vulnerable to drowning; they can drown in less than two inches of water. •Accidental drowning can occur in the least expected places:The sink, the toilet bowl, fountains, buckets, inflatable pools, or small bodies of standing water around your home. Tips for Parents of Preschoolers Never leave children unattended in a tub or other body of water, even if they have learned how to swim Keep doors to bathrooms and laundry rooms closed. Do not allow children to swim alone Learn CPR and keep rescue equipment, a telephone and emergency numbers poolside What To Do in An Emergency If you find a child in the water, immediately get the child out while calling loudly for help. If the child is not breathing, CPR should be initiated as necessary You should always call 911 or take your child into the nearest emergency department when an injury occurs Amercian Academy of Pediatrics. (2009). Water Safety and Young Children. In HealthyChildren.Org. Retrieved September 12, 2012, from http://www.healthychildren.org
Safe Kids Worldwide. (2009). Drowning Prevention for Big Kids at Play. In Safe Kids USA. Retrieved September 12, 2012, from http://www.safekids.org References (2004). The american red cross: Water safety handbook. Retrieved from StayWell
website: http://editiondigital.net/publication/?i=55960 Although older youth are more likely to know how to swim, they are at risk for drowning due to overestimation of their skills, unawareness of water currents or water depth, and when consuming alcohol or using drugs. To protect your adolescent from drowning, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) offers the following tips:
•Insist that your adolescent always swim with a buddy.
•Encourage your adolescent to take swimming, diving, and water safety or rescue classes to give him/her the skills needed to swim and dive safely. These classes may also prevent your adolescent from acting recklessly.
•Teach your adolescent never to swim or dive while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
•Make sure your adolescent checks the depth of the water before diving.
If children and adolescents are around bodies of water on a regular basis, it benefits parents to learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), which, in case of an emergency, can save lives, reduce the severity of injury, and improve the chance of survival. CPR training is available through the American Red Cross, the American Heart Association, and your local hospital or fire department.
On boats, PFDs should be US Coast Guard-approved. In fact, many states require the use of PFDs on all boats at all times. Blow-up swimming devices such as "water wings," rafts, toys, and other items are not considered safe and should not be relied on to prevent drowning.

It is important that the PFD is the correct size for your adolescent (life jackets are usually labeled "adult" or "child"). However, PFDs do not replace adult supervision. According to the National SAFE KIDS Campaign, 85 percent of boating-related drownings can be prevented with the proper use of PFDs.

Children under five and adolescents between the ages of 15-24 have the highest drowning rates.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The percent of drownings in natural water settings increases with age. Most drownings among those over 15 years of age occur in natural water settings.

Alcohol use is involved in up to half of adolescent and adult deaths associated with water recreation and about one in five reported boating fatalities.10, 11 Alcohol influences balance, coordination, and judgment, and its effects are heightened by sun exposure and heat.12
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