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Simple Strategies for Teaching ESL Students in English Speaking Classrooms

What are some effective strategies in teaching ESL students in a mainstream class
by

Luke Pinkney-Osborn

on 7 March 2012

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Transcript of Simple Strategies for Teaching ESL Students in English Speaking Classrooms

Simple Strategies for Teaching ESL Students in English Speaking Classrooms The Issues Why are they here? The Gun The Green Grass The good word ESL Students typically face three major challenges which
they are working simultaneously to develop 2. A grasp of the knowledge skills and attitudes specific to various subjects 1. A better command of the English language 3. An ability to interact with others and function within the social environment Be concious of the vocabulary that you use For ESL students everyday words of Anglo-Saxon origin
are generally the easiest to understand because they are heard most often.
Words 'borrowed' from other languages are more difficult.
Use common words ESL students often translate idioms literally and
can be easily confused at this translation!
Try and rephrase them or post a list of the weeks
idioms for the class to see Beware idioms and slang Provide additional wait time ESL students typically translate questions into their first language,
formulate an answer in their first language then translate their answer
into English. Accordingly they need more time.

Help them by....... Before rephrasing a question, Repeat it again verbatim Hmm... Aren't I supposed to be expanding my students language? Teach the language of the subject What happens in NZ? Whats the problem? Before the class is taken, take time to teach key phrases and words that may be specfic to the subject.
This could be very useful to non ESL students in jargon filled subjects like science too.
And for the same reason... Use simple sentence structures
e.g "I would in most cases, like you to choose a subject which we have experienced in our immersion class" vs "choose a subject from our immersion class" Before rephrasing a question, Repeat it again verbatim Do pair and group work Pair and group work allows students to communicate orally with their pairs in a non judgemental environment. Allow use of the first language The use of the first language, both oral and written, is vital for students to translate language. Provide examples
Providing examples is a key strategy in instructing ESL students.
Providing examples illustrates exactly what the student must do and
eliminates any ambiguity that may occur due to the language barrier.

Also Use real objects Provide exemplars and Use gestures orange Because 90% of communication is
non-verbal.... When students make a little mistake with their English Dont make a big deal about it Rather than correcting students expicitly rephrase the statement back to them correctly i.e. Teacher! I drop my pie piece! Oh no! You dropped your piece of pie? Never embaress, correct or ridicule infront
of the class. This can be done the day before
a student is to do the task in class Let them speak Let the children speak more than you do in class a.k.a
be student centered. Allow students to speak during activities be a tireless, friendly question asking machine ESL children often
require extra attention ESL students have poorer educational
outcomes than native English speakers ESL students are becoming more common
in Throughout the world We can help them by employing strategies
that fall into two broad catergories Communication strategies Classroom procedures Provide written notes, summaries, instructions & key readings information My English Class in Korea playing a game (they sparked my interest in this subject)
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