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Southeast Mississippi/ Ohio River Nat

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Olivia Browne

on 2 September 2015

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Transcript of Southeast Mississippi/ Ohio River Nat

By: Olivia Browne, Taytum Buford, Nicole Chatham , Reece Clark
Southeast Mississippi/ Ohio River Native Americans
Power and position was birthright
AD 1100: Built 2 mile stockade around city (guard towers every 70 feet and double walled)
Human sacrifice to leaders so, leader would have company in afterlife (Typical sacrifices were women ages 15-25)
Political: Cahokia
Pre-Columbian Time Period
Was as big as NYC and Philadelphia before the mid-1700's
Cahokia: Center for Ancient Society
Peak was AD 1100
General Information: Cahokia
Located in Southeastern Mississippi
Ohio River Valley
Opposite St. Louis Missouri
Cahokia Mounds
largest city ever built, north of Mexico, before Columbus
Geographic: Cahokia
Minimal hunting, but enthusiastic farmers
Gathered: squash, sunflower, corn, goosefoot, amaranth, canary grass, and other starchy seeds
Gift giving boosted status, or appeased quarrels and also brought fealty
Economic: Cahokia
Social: Cahokia
no one know their ethnicity or language
population of 15,000
called, "Garden Of Eden"
"Cahokia" comes from a sub tribe of the Illinois
seemed to live in fear since they built a stockade around to keep out the world
General Information: Shawnee and Other Tribes
Tribes living in upper Ohio River Valley: Shawnee, Lenape (the Delaware Tribe), and Seneca
Clusters of mounds were found throughout the Ohio River Valley and are believed to belong to them
Shawnee are an Alongoquian-speaking tribe
Found in the surrounding areas of Cahokia
Political: Shawnee
Before contact with the europeans, had a matrilineal system
Monarchy style government with kings called Sachema
Five divisions of tribes: Chillicothe, Hathawekela, Kispoko, Mekoche, and Pekowi
War chiefs were also hereditary, passed down through maternal line
Divided into 6 clans according to kinship and spiritual beliefs, each had a role in the overall confederacy
Economic: Shawnee
Economy based upon hunting, fishing, and agriculture
Self sufficient with lots of land
Hunted beavers and other animals to trade fur
Geographic: Shawnee
North American
Southeastern Mississippi
Ohio River Valley
In the outlying lands of Cahokia
Semi-Migratory Native Americans
Social: Shawnee
By tradition, each division and clan had certain roles that they had to perform on behalf of the entire tribe
Each division had a primary village, or capital where the chief would live
Some scholars believe that they are descendents of of the people of the pre-contact who created the mounds.
The End
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