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Zen and the Art to Motorcycle Maintenance
Transcript of Zen and the Art to Motorcycle Maintenance
TOK 3B Why Mountain Climbing Mountain climbing is used in Zen literature and religions as an allegory for scaling spiritual heights. Search to the Definition of Quality (Phaedrus) Phase 1: There was no attempt at a rigid systematic definition of quality.
Phase 2: The emerging of a systematic, rigid statements on what quality is. Quality is a characteristic of thought and statement that is recognized by a non-thinking process. Because definitions are a product of rigid, formal thinking quality cannot be defined. (This definition was considered irrational)
Phaedrus: Quality is a map across the mountain for which he sacrificed everything. Romantic Viewpoint (Subjective): Interested in mostly gestalts such a Zen or "being in the moment" without rational analysis.Quality would only exist in the observer.
Classical Viewpoint (Objective): Uses the application of rational analysis. Quality would only exist in the object. The problem with this is proof. If quality is in the object then scientific instruments should be able to detect quality levels.
Romantic and Classical: Are They the only choices? - It's questioned why quality has to be in either Romantic and Classical. Why not both or neither? The Three Rhetorical Refutations One may through sand in a bull's eye. - Infers that the lack of knowledge of what quality is equals incompetence.
One may attempt to sing the bull to sleep. - Just because an answer cannot be found does not mean an answer cannot be found.
Refuse to enter the arena. - There is no point in trying to continue defining quality because it is already said to be undefined. Quality is neither subjective nor objective.
Quality precedes subjects and objects therefore it cannot be just one or the other. More on Quality "Caring and quality are internal and external aspects of the same thing."
The importance of self-culture is pertinent for establishing any kind of quality in life.
"Quality is the parent, the source of all subjects and objects." - Robert Pirsig Chapters 16-19 Phaedrus' Search for Quality Continues The Glass Door Chapters 25 and 26 Chapter 24 Repetition of 'good'
"Caring an quality are internal and external aspects of the same thing."
Phaedrus' pursuit of a technological meaning of quality to resolve the problem of technological hopelessness.
Balance approach in his pursuit of spiritual meaning.
Relationship between Quality and caring in everyday life and the fact that "stuckness" or frustration, can be opportunity for creativity and craftsmanship. Traditional reason is a value free process that causes degradation.
Modern technology was originally meant to be art.
Technology is so ugly because of producers uncaring attitudes.
Importance of self-culture for establishing any kind of Quality in life.
Importance of peace of mind in art and science concludes with his belief that the world can be changed by each individual seeking inner peace.
"Gumption"- an enthusiasm or courage he thinks is needed for living deeply or well. Chapters 23-26 Henri Poincaré (1854–1912) Throughout Chapter 22, Pirsig explores the thinking of French philosopher and mathematician Poincaré.
Poincaré believed in Conventionalism, that intuition was explicitly the life of mathematics.
Philosophy: The subconscious generation of new possibilities involves chance. Value rigidity: You're staring right at the answer but you can't see it because you can't see the answer's importance.
Anxiety: Leads to fixing things that don't need fixing and chasing false ailments.
Boredom: Gumption is low and needs to be replenished. More on Gumption Gumption Traps: The quality discovered is the same as the "great central generating force of all religions."
This correlates with Pirsig's metaphysics of Quality which is a theory of reality.
Quality, or "value, cannot be defined because it empirically precedes any intellectual construction of it, namely due to the fact that quality exists always as a perceptual experience before it is ever thought of descriptively or academically. Pirsig uses the symbol of a glass door in order to depict a barrier.
The shadowy figure is Phaedrus which has now made it into the narrator's mind. Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that makes it hard to tell the difference between what is real and not real.
The shadowy figure appears, telling Pirsig what is right and what is wrong.
The quality in which they both believe in has changed along with their thought processes. Chapters 20-23