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THE DADA ART MOVEMENT
Transcript of THE DADA ART MOVEMENT
INFLUENTIAL PEOPLE IN DADAISM
Some famous artists and writers that affectd Dadaism are:
WHAT IS DADA?
Dada was, officially, not a movement, its artists not artists and its art not art. That sounds easy enough, doesn't it? Of course, there is a bit more to the story of Dadaism than this simplistic explanation.
WORLD WAR 1
world war 1 began when the Arch-duke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by a Serbian national. this forced Austria to send an ultimatum to Serbia which they did not follow which lead to Austia declaring war on Serbia.
The war also featured a major betrayal with Italy originally a member of the Central Powers declaring war on them and joining the Allies.
WHAT IS DADA(CONT.)
Dada was a literary and artistic movement born in Europe at a time when the horror of World War I was being played out in what amounted to citizens' front yards. Due to the war, a number of artists, writers and intellectuals -- notably of French and German nationality migrated to Zurich (in neutral Switzerland).
This bunch was pretty ticked off that modern European society would allow the war to have happened. They were so angry, in fact, that they undertook the time-honoured artistic tradition of protesting.
born on 1872 in Switzerland. Alice is known for her self portrait made in a surrealist style.
Francis Picabia was a French-Cuban painter and poet who was associated with different avant-garde movements.He was with Post-impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism, Dadaism and Surrealism. He was considered by many to be a forerunner of both Dada and Surrealism. he published the Dadaist journal "391" until 1924, periodical "Cannibale" in 1920, while also writing for Tristan Tzara's Zurich Dada journal "Dada.
He painted a moustache on his own rendition of the MONA LISA and called it 'THE FOUNTAIN'.
Dada was many things, but it was essentially an anti-war movement in Europe and New York from 1915 to 1923.
DADAISM IN NEW YORK
New York served as a 'safe-haven' for many Dada artists during the war similar to what was happening in Zurich
ORIGINS OF THE NAME 'DADA'
There are many theories as to how the name 'Dada' originated. But the most trusted reason was that agroup of Dadaists gathered and placed a slip of paper in a French dictionary and chose the first word which they saw in the book, the word they saw was 'Dada' which in French literally translates to 'Hobby Horse"
Due to it's alliance with the serbs, Russia declared war on Austria. Germany, due to it's alliance with Austria, declared war on Serbia then Russia then France and Belgium.
The Dada movement lost most of it's popularity after the end of the war.
Dadaism helped to pave the way fo other movements such as the Surrealist movement.
Through art it allowed people to register their disagreements with the WORLD WAR and war on a whole.