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Refugees and Human Trafficking

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by

Courtney Thomas

on 9 November 2018

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Transcript of Refugees and Human Trafficking

World Politics
Refugees and Human Trafficking

Refugees
UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (1951; Protocol 1967)
68.5 million people forcibly displaced persons worldwide
25.4 million are refugees
More than HALF are under 18
40 million internally displaced persons
3.1 million asylum seekers
10 million stateless people denied access to citizenship and basic human rights
What IS A Refugee?
A displaced person who has been forced to cross a national boundary and who cannot return home safely
Problems with this definition?
Does not include (?)
Victims of environmental disasters or famine
Internally displaced persons
Asylum Seekers
"Labor Migrants"
What rights to refugees have?
Rights of Return, Non-Refoulement, Family Reunification, Travel
Restriction on Onward movement
When and Where and Why?
http://www.therefugeeproject.org/
https://mashable.com/2017/06/06/refugee-crisis-map-explorables
https://refugeemovements.com/
https://www.vox.com/world/2017/1/30/14432500/refugee-crisis-trump-muslim-ban-maps-charts
Role of failed states?
Origin
Destination
Porous borders?
How do refugees play into broader political themes and dynamics?
http://wjla.com/news/nation-world/eu-political-trends-driven-by-anti-immigration-populist-movements-experts-say
Failed States
Challenges
Three "agents":
State of Origin
Host State
Refugee
State-centric politics leads us to ignore the third
Journeys are hard to track and hard to support without attention thus endangerment
Refugee Camps:
Construction of the refugee as a threat, not a victim
Incarceration
Lack of access to food, water, medicine, mental healthcare
Change in Level of Analysis
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/19/inside-world-largest-refugee-camp-uganda-south-sudan-civil-war
https://petapixel.com/2016/08/02/26-photos-show-war-changed-syria/
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/south-asia/article/2115683/worlds-biggest-refugee-camps-ranked-bangladesh-prepares-host
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/16/world/asia/myanmar-rohingya-rapes.html
https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/violent-rape-just-one-many-disasters-rohingya-refugees-n830351
http://www.cnn.com/interactive/2017/09/world/myanmar-rohingya-refugee-stories/
https://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/16/magazine/how-to-build-a-perfect-refugee-camp.html
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/nov/03/refugees-horror-calais-jungle-refugee-camp-feel-like-dying-slowly
Human Trafficking
Closely connected to refugee crises is the dynamic of human trafficking
40.3 million victims worldwide
81% forced labor
25% children
75% female
$150 billion industry
Where?
http://dataviz.du.edu/projects/htc/flow/
https://polarisproject.org/
https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/06/a-fascinating-map-of-the-worst-countries-for-modern-slavery/277037/
https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/nation-now/2018/01/30/sex-trafficking-column/1073459001/
https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/02/how-sex-trafficking-goes-unnoticed-in-america/470166/
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