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About Nefertiti's Tomb
Transcript of About Nefertiti's Tomb
Items Included in the Tomb
Nefertiti's tomb would include things she would need in the afterlife and the personal belongings she treasured. For the afterlife, Nefertiti would need food, linen clothing, furniture, and jewelry. Some basic everyday items would be pots, baskets, slate palettes for using eye make-up, necklaces, copper figurines, and amulets to protect her from harm in the afterlife. Different kinds of amulets with the mummy would be the "Isis knot," to protect the body, the "Plummet" amulet, to ensure balance in the next life, and an amulet shaped as a headrest, to make sure that the head would stay with the body. Nefertiti would also have canopic jars to store her inner organs, a gold mask protecting her head inside the mummy case, and scrolls with writing from the "Book of the Dead" to help the mummy get to the afterlife safely. All items would be safely stored in a storage place. The mummy itself would be placed into several coffins because Nefertiti was a queen of great power.
Decorations in the Tomb
Nefertiti's tomb would be decorated with wall carvings reflecting her life, beauty, and power as queen of ancient Egypt. Pictures would show her dressed like a pharaoh, attending religious ceremonies, and making offerings to the sun god, Aten. Since Nefertiti means "the beautiful one has come", her tomb would be decorated with images of her legendary face, her long neck and her fine linen clothing. Her tomb decorations would show why she was one of the most powerful queens in Egypt and how she ruled alongside her husband, Akhenaten III.
The wall carvings would show pictures of her and her husband because they had ruled together and her husband considered her as his equal and held her in high esteem. The tomb would have colossal statues of her and her husband in one corner. The colorful paintings would show her 6 daughters symbolizing her fertility. They would also include the queen's journey to the afterlife and show her meeting the gods of the underworld. The scenes on the wall paintings would show the Opening of the Mouth Ceremony. Nefertiti's mummy case would be painted in bright and joyful colors depicting her power and beauty as queen. The surface would have hieroglyphics and religious images to show her belief in Aten.
Gods/Goddesses part of the Tomb
Nefertiti and her husband, Akhenaten, worshiped only the sun god, Aten. Together they established a religious cult, where the whole kingdom could only worship Aten. Nefertiti believed that Aten, the sun god was the only one worthy of worship. As a result, only Aten would be included in her tomb.
Message to Get to the Afterlife
"O! Gods of the underworld, I have done many great deeds in my life, so please let me continue life in the underworld. I have helped my husband establish the cult of Aten, served my people well, and have fought off enemies trying to invade my husband's kingdom. I am one of the most powerful Egyptian queen rulers of all times. So please bless me with peace and prosperity in the afterlife."
Who Nefertiti was
Nefertiti was the great royal wife of the Egyptian pharaoh, Akhenaten, who ruled from 1353 B.C. to 1336 B.C. She is widely known for her powerful position and great beauty.
Despite being an important queen, Nefertiti's tomb has never been found. All records of her disappeared 12 years into her husband's 17 year rule. It is said that she may have continued to rule under a different name.