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MANIA - Causes of WW1
Transcript of MANIA - Causes of WW1
Buildup of militaries across Europe
European arms race
Belief that an army was necessary to maintain power
Created strategies for quick mobilization
Countries make agreements to support each other in the event of war
Germany: led by Otto von Bismarck
Means pride in one's nation - led to competition among countries for colonies
Spread of industrialization challenges England
Territorial disputes - Alsace-Lorraine and the Balkans
Decline of Ottoman Empire - many new nations
A country taking over lands in other areas for natural resources, markets, and power
European competition for colonies in Asia and Africa creates rivalry and mistrust
Heir to Austrian throne killed by Serbian nationalist Gavrillo Princip
Austria presents ultimatum to Serbia: End all anti-Austrian activity and let Austrian officials into Serbia to investigate
Serbia does not comply with all demands
Austria declares war on Serbia, alliance system activated
How does this cartoon explain the beginning of World War 1?
Austria declares war on Serbia
Russia mobilizes troops to Austria & Germany
Germany declares war on Russia & France
Schleiffen Plan:France first, then Russia, but Belgium wouldn't allow Germans through
Germany invades Belgium
Britain declares war on Germany
Sides of the Start of the War