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MANIA - Causes of WW1

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by

Andrea Spinelli

on 15 December 2015

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Transcript of MANIA - Causes of WW1

Causes of World War I
Buildup of militaries across Europe
European arms race

Belief that an army was necessary to maintain power

Created strategies for quick mobilization

Militarism
M
A
N
I
A
Countries make agreements to support each other in the event of war
Germany: led by Otto von Bismarck
Alliances
Nationalism
Means pride in one's nation - led to competition among countries for colonies
Spread of industrialization challenges England

Territorial disputes - Alsace-Lorraine and the Balkans

Decline of Ottoman Empire - many new nations


Imperialism
A country taking over lands in other areas for natural resources, markets, and power
European competition for colonies in Asia and Africa creates rivalry and mistrust
Assassination
Heir to Austrian throne killed by Serbian nationalist Gavrillo Princip
Austria presents ultimatum to Serbia: End all anti-Austrian activity and let Austrian officials into Serbia to investigate

Serbia does not comply with all demands

Austria declares war on Serbia, alliance system activated

How does this cartoon explain the beginning of World War 1?
Chain Reaction
Austria declares war on Serbia
Russia mobilizes troops to Austria & Germany
Germany declares war on Russia & France
Schleiffen Plan:France first, then Russia, but Belgium wouldn't allow Germans through
Germany invades Belgium
Britain declares war on Germany
Sides of the Start of the War
Central Powers
Germany
Austria-Hungary
Bulgaria
Ottoman Empire
Allies
Great Britain
France
Russia
Japan
Italy
Full transcript