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Transcript of TOK
How could we justify the way
we express our rights or thoughts?
Real Life Situation
Protests over the opening of Malaysia Rare Earth Plant (Harmful radiation) in Kuantan. The protestors made a blockade at the port in Kuantan to stop the transport of the minerals to the site.
What do we know?
A course of conduct or action
A manner or method of doing
To set forth in words (state)
To manifest or communicate, as by a “gesture”
To “make known” the “feelings or opinions” of (oneself)
To convey or suggest a representation of; “depict”
Conforming with or comfortable to
“justice”, “law” or “morality”.
The “act” or “process of thinking”
A “product of thinking”
The faculty of thinking or “reasoning”.
How do we perceive it?
How is it
What are rights?
As a guide/advice
To know where we stand as an individual
So that we know our value as an individuals
What are thoughts?
Why do we need it?
How is it important?
To make decisions
Outlet of expression
To survive and develop
It is crucial for communication
Part of life
Sharing information (communication)
How does the selected individual express rights & thoughts?
Usually done internally
Ponders by themselves
Does not usually share ideas to a certain extent
Not always ready to act upon them. (Exceptions)
When they have a common goal
When most of them have the same thoughts and understanding
Are ready to act upon them due to their numbers
Convey their thoughts/beliefs more outwardly/physically
Usually has the ability to change the groups perception about a thought
Has the power to sometimes enforce a belief or thought (under certain circumstances) onto an individual (ex: political leader/teacher)
How do we express ourselves?
Two Different Ways:
With peaceful intentions; usually for a good cause.
Usually physical (Aggressive)/ usually for specific agenda/fuelled by hate or anger
Soon, however, Galileo--flamboyant by nature--decided that Copernicus was worth a fight.
He decided to
address his arguments to the enlightened public
at large, rather than the hidebound academics.
He saw more hope for gaining support among businessmen, gentlemen, princes, and Jesuit astronomers than among the vested apologists of universities.
He seemed compelled to
act as a consultant
in natural philosophy
to all who would listen
wrote in tracts, pamphlets, letters, and dialogues
--not in the turgid, polysyllabic manner of a university pedant, but simply and directly.
In the end Galileo was placed under house arrest and forced to ask for forgiveness and admit to his ‘wrong way of thinking’.
According to Mein Kampf (My Struggle), Hitler developed his political theories after
the policies of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
He was born as a citizen of the Empire, and
that ethnic and linguistic diversity had weakened it.
saw democracy as a destabilizing force
, because it placed power in the hands of ethnic minorities, who he claimed had incentives to further "weaken and destabilize" the Empire.
Hitler's Nazi theory also
claimed that the Aryan race is a master race
, superior to all other races, that a nation is the highest creation of a race, and great nations (literally large nations) were the creation of great races.
These nations developed cultures that naturally grew from races with "natural good health, and aggressive, intelligent, courageous traits."
The weakest nations, Hitler said were those of impure or mongrel races, because they have divided, quarreling, and therefore weak cultures.
A gang of men accused of repeatedly raping a 23-years-old student on a moving bus in New Delhi.
Thousands of women have taken part in a rally in the Indian capital, Delhi, to
against the recent gang rape of the student.
India Rape Case
Expressionism is a term that embraces an early 20th century style of art that is charged with an emotional and spiritual vision of the world.
Vincent Van Gogh (Sunflowers), Edvard Munch (Scream)
They chose to
to discover a form of ‘self-expression’ that offered them an individual voice in a world that they
as both insecure and hostile.
It was this more subjective
search for a personal emotional truth
that drove them on and ultimately paved the way for the Expressionist art forms of the 20th century that explored the inner landscape of the soul.
How: Despite being profoundly antislavery, Huck Finn is regularly challenged as school reading for its near-constant use of the n-word.
One of the other reason why it was
not well received
by the public because the words in the books were too simple. For example, ‘sweat’ was used instead of ‘perspiration’. This made people feel that the book is for simple-minded people rather than the intelligent people.
and coarse language
In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus published Revolutions of the Celestial Orbs, a treatise that put forth his revolutionary idea that the Sun was at the center of the universe and that the Earth--rotating on an axis--orbited around the sun once a year.
Copernicus' theory was
a challenge to the accepted notion
contained in the natural philosophy of Aristotle, the astronomy of Ptolemy and the teachings of the Church that the sun and all the stars revolved around a stationary Earth.
In the half-century since its publication, however, Copernicus' theory met mostly with skepticism.
countered with the "common sense" notion
that the earth they stood on appeared not to move at all--much less at the speed required to fully rotate every twenty-four hours while spinning around the sun.
April 20, 1889,
Braunau am Inn
April 30, 1945,
1. UUM (Listen, listen, listen)
UUM held a forum for University students when this happened. During the Q&A session, a student decided to
voice out her thoughts and opinions
of the education system of Malaysia.
What followed suit was an
from the forum's head speaker where she stopped the student from further speaking and then indirectly taunted the student in front of everyone.
This then became a YouTube sensation that
sparked many opinions and backlash
from the Malaysian public of the words that the forum speaker said to the student.
How does an individual express rights & thoughts?
How do groups express rights & thoughts?