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Engaging Men Virtual Summit

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Men Can Stop Rape

on 4 December 2018

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Transcript of Engaging Men Virtual Summit

Ice Breaker
How well do you think you understand healthy masculinity?

Why Pay Attention to Masculinity?
Discussion Question
In what ways do you think masculinity is or is not linked to these examples of violence?
Discussion Question
What does healthy masculinity look like to you?
Healthy Masculinity and
4 Principles of Effective Prevention
Neil Irvin
Executive Director

Pat McGann
Director of Strategy and Planning

Adrian Valdivia
Manager of National Programs
The Missing Gender Lens
A History of Raising the
Visibility of Masculinity
Unhealthy Masculinity and Violence
Video Games
Films help construct and enforce typical images of heroic men, rather than showcasing personal character attributes like integrity and the ability to listen and work with others.
Some athletics push men and boys to nurture their aggression and employ it to inflict pain and suffering on others. Sport teams at times use words that associate the feminine with weakness to motivate the team.

"Don't throw like a girl! Stop being a wuss! Man up!"
Liberal Profeminism

Advocates men's liberation

Utilized sex role theory to say that socially scripted behavior harms men and women
Radical Profeminism
Radical profeminist theorists criticized the liberal feminism for its tendency to depoliticize oppression by making it a general condition for everyone

Masculinity created/maintained through acts of violence toward women
In 2005 the Engaging Men Grant Program was established to fund projects that develop or enhance efforts to engage men in preventing violence against women
Isla Vista Killings
Eliott Rodgers
Killed 6; injured 13.
Posted a manifesto concerning his disdain for women.
Virginia Tech Massacre
Seung-Hui Cho

Killed 32; injured 17.
Steubenville Rape Case.
Two high school males convicted of raping a 14 year old girl.​
Watch the white players throwing the ball? How many times do you see them throw?
Masculinity and Prevention
Why Connect Healthy Masculinity and Prevention?
Describing Healthy Masculinity Social Norms
Offers a positive/strength-based approach instead of a deficit approach
Encourages self-examinations and reflection on personal connection with masculinity
Offers a accessible and persuasive approach
Can engage men outside of the field of gender-based violence prevention
-Social and Emotional Intelligence-
Learning Social and emotional skills used to positively develop healthy masculine attitudes and behaviors in yourself and others

Developing the ability to recognize unhealthy aspects of masculinity – those aspects that are harmful to the self and/or others.
Replacing harmful risky and violent masculine attitudes and behaviors with empathetic behaviors and attitudes that benefit men and others.
Supporting gender equity and other forms of equity.
Healthy Masculinity Program should be relevant, appropriate, and respectful to the community in which it is implemented
Healthy Masculinity Program should include activities on multiple levels of the social ecology
Well Implemented
Healthy Masculinity Program should be competently implemented to meaningfully effect change
Informed by Evidence
Healthy Masculinity Program should be based in sound research and logic
Men & Masculinity Studies
American Men's Studies Association founded 1991
Originated from National Organization for Men (NOM) "Task Groups"
These meetings grew into annual conferences and eventually into an independent Association of Men's Studies
Men's Studies University Programs

1) Stony Brook University- Center for the Study of Men and Masculinties
2) Hobard & William Smith Colleges - Men's Studies
3) Akamai University - Men's Studies and Fatherhood Pogram
Sexuality and Gender Studies
437 Women's/Gender Studies programs in the United States

34 M.A. Programs

19 PhD Programs
Astinos and Stelios fight scene.
Wolf of Wallstreet
Inspirational Speech
Before and After
Key Elements of Prevention
Community driven: strategies should involve community members in their development so they are tailored to specific cultural beliefs and norms.

Socio-culturally relevant

Relevant to community experience

Appropriately timed

Program is Helpful to intended audience

Multiple levels of the social ecology (individual, relationship, community, society)

Include multiple components and impact multiple settings

Address a wide range of risk and protective factors

These activities may include several components such as curriculum-based interventions, media campaigns, systems change, and environmental strategies that can impact economic-social conditions.

Based on best available evidence (research, experience and context)

Theory -driven

Conduct outcome evaluation

Varied teaching methods

Sufficient dosage: Strategies should be intensive and occurring multiple times, building upon previous messages.

Positive relationships

Well-trained staff

Stems from the idea that gender (masculinity) is a social construct, or a cultural creation of humankind and therefore is not inherent in our nature and can be altered through cultural change
Understand "man" not as a sex term but as a gender term that depends on sociocultural factors
Deconstruct privilege and masculinity, reconstruct gender equitable values as part of masculinity
Beyond the Individual: Community Change
Build on Community Assets
Shift Norms and Behaviors
Promote What We Want
I. History of Men's/Masculinity Studies and Pro-Feminism
The New Men's Studies: From Feminist Theory to Gender Scholarship

Masculinity Studies: What is It and Why would a Feminist Care?

The Untold Story of the Pro-Feminist Men's Movement

II. Healthy Masculinity and College Men
College men’s Experiences as Men: Findings from Two Grounded Theory Studies.

III. Healthy Masculinity and Sports
From Season of Life to InSideOut Coaching: 10 Lessons I am Learning about Sports in

IV. Healthy Masculinity and Education
Suicide by Mass Murder: Masculinity, Aggrieved Entitlement, and Rampage School Shootings.

V. Healthy Masculinity and the Media
Men, Masculinity, and Media: Some Introductory Notes.

VI. Healthy Masculinity and Faith
Is Christianity Supposed to Be Masculine?

VII. Healthy Masculinity and LGBTQ
Masculinity as homophobia.

-Self Awareness-
-Social Awareness-
-Relationship Skills-
-Responsible Decision Making-
There have been many examples throughout history of profeminist men who have stood beside women as allies in their fight for equality
Engaging Men Virtual Summit:
Healthy Masculinity and Prevention

This project was supported by Grant No. 2013-CY-AX-K023 awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed in this program are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women.
Men are often at a
loss as to how they
can play a positive
part in stopping sexual violence. Primary prevention offers men
a positive role to play.

Usually we as a society
assume that the burden of
preventing rape, domestic
violence, dating violence,
and stalking largely falls on
the shoulders of women and

Primary Prevention:
Put simply, this public health approach is about stopping the violence...

before it starts...
...by challenging the harmful attitudes, assumptions, and behaviors connected
to a "less than" perspective and to unhealthy masculinity.

...and by replacing the harmful attitudes,
assumptions, and behaviors connected to unhealthy masculinity with healthy masculinity social norms.

More about Primary Prevention
In July of 1848, Fredrick Douglass attended the First Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, NY and was one of a few men asked to speak for the occasion. Douglass's commitment to woman's suffrage was revealed in his speech, which was shortly after reprinted in the North Star and proclaimed, "Right is of no sex."
In the early twentieth century, American humorist and social philosopher Finley Peter Dunne wrote about Women’s Suffrage in his collection of nationally syndicated “Mr. Dooley” sketches. Dunne brought the discussion of women’s suffrage into the public arena and challenged men’s stereotypes on women’s political rights with wit and guile.
The UN Commission
on Women's Status
The role of men and boys in achieving gender equality has been increasingly discussed in recent years.
Starting in 1995, the Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing stated that “equality between women and men is a matter of human rights and a condition for social justice,” also emphasizing that “a transformed partnership based on equality between women and men is a condition for people-centered sustainable
Goals for the Summit
• To understand the history of masculinity studies and profeminism in the context of feminism and VAWA
• To describe unhealthy and healthy masculinity
• To recognize how healthy masculinity can connect with all forms of prevention
• To connect healthy masculinity and engaging men and boys with principles of effective prevention
• To identify readings for information about masculinity
Full transcript