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Transcript of Phobias
and Brianna Wolfe The Three Types of Phobias Effects of Phobias Treatments for Phobias Phobias are an often paralyzing fear of an object or situation, one that is unreasonable when looking at the item. There are three types of phobias, and each one is different. Social Phobias The first type of phobias are social phobias
Fear of social situations
Being looked at
etc. Specific Phobias The second type of phobias are specific phobias
Fear of a specific, simple, or precise object
There are four major types Agoraphobia Environment Anything in the natural environment lightening
etc. Animals Medical Situational Any animal, creature, etc. snakes
etc. Anything to do with medicine or healing doctors
etc. they affect 26 million+
they are the most common mental disorder Can be many different situations Bridges
Etc By far the worst phobia
"cluster fear," encompasses many fears
Traced from terrifying experience called a "panic attack"
Highest possible level of anxiety
Strikes hard, and seems as bad as stroke
Will have more over time
Strong likelihood it runs in families
80% are women Phobias are highly treatable, but many do not get the treatment, because of: Misdiagnosis
Not bad enough to care too much
Too embarassed Ablutophobia Barophobia Chaetophobia Dextrophobia Eicophobia Gephyrophobia Heirophobia Iatrophobia Japanophobia Leukophobia Mnemophobia Ochophobia Neophobia Panophobia Russophobia Somniphobia Thaasophobia Uranophobia Victricophobia Xanthophobia "Self Cures" Some people use self cures rather than seeing doctors avoidance
alternatives (such as driving rather than flying)
etc. And then there's Howard Hughs He was a millionare living in the 1950s at the penthouse suit in the Desert Inn in Las Vegas.
He suffered from several phobias The hotel across the street was for sale, and put up a sign proclaiming so.
The sign was 189 ft. tall, and scared Hughs, who believed the sign would crush him He tried everything he could to get rid of the sign, begging to no avail
Then... He found his own cure by buying the hotel and taking down the sign Real Cures As Hughes's cure doesn't happen often, scientists have developed actual cures to help phobia afflicted people. Psychoanalysis Behavior Therapy This helps face the object of the phobia
The most effective cure
There are different types Intensive therapy to find cause of the phobia
Believed to help master the phobia
Didn't always work
Time consuming Desanitization One type of behavior therapy
It involves gradual exposure Flooding Another type of behavior therapy
Places patient in worst fear situation
Once you lived through it, it goes away Drawbacks Time consuming
You have to go to the fear
Susceptible to interruption Agoraphobics are less responsive
The strength of panic attacks are too strong for any technique That's the end. Now for the quiz Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 Question 5 Phobias are the __________ common mental disorder Answer: most What are the three types of phobias? Answer: Social phobias, specific phobias, and agoraphobia True or false: Behavior therapy is the least effective cure for phobias Answer: false Effects of phobias vary depending on the severity of the fear Mild Fear Moderate Fear Severe Fear Need to use restroom
Light-headed or dizzy
Headache Feel like running away
Face feels hot
Shortness of breath
Blurry vision Cold chills
Difficulty speaking Which of the following is NOT an effect of phobias? A) Dry mouth
B) Shaking hands
D) Headache Answer: C Conclusion Clearly, phobias are a very serious condition, and they are no laughing matter. Anyone with a phobia should try to get help, and no one should laugh at another's fear. Match each specific phobia with the type of phobia it is Animal
Situational 1) Bridges
3) Forest fire
10) Floods 4, 5, 9 3, 6, 10 2, 7 8, 1 Thank you