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Pan's Labyrinth

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Stephanie Jones

on 28 October 2014

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Transcript of Pan's Labyrinth

Her fantasy world contrasts with her bleak reality and concerns for her future. The intertwined relationship of Ofelia's worlds is established in the car where she is reading her fairytales, accompanied with her telling her mother "I saw a fairy", just after placing the eye back into the faun statue. "The importance of the Eye is of the utmost importance in occult symbolism and can be dated back to ancient Egypt with the myth of Horus’ eye being restored by Toth. While right eye is associated with the perception of concrete and factual information (male side of the brain), the left eye of Horus perceives the mystical, the spiritual and the intuition (the female side of the brain)."
Act 1 (Setup) cont.
Act 2 (Confrontation)
Act 3 (Resolution)
Three acts dissected
Fairytale conventions
Feminist Theory
aims to understand the nature of inequality and focuses on gender politics such as power relations and sexuality. The themes consist of fertility, discrimination, stereotyping, objectification, oppression, and patriarchy
Conventions cont.
Pan's Labyrinth
del Toro

Ofelia does not pass the second task due to her mother's worsening illness. The Faun comes to her, disappointed at her progress but then gives her a mandrake root with instructions to follow to cure her mother.
Build up to climax
: Pale man task. Ophelia escapes from the Pale Man during her second task at the cost of two of her fairies. Captain Vidal catches Ofelia under her mothers bed, tending to the mandrake root from Faun given to her to save her mother. Carmen destroys the mandrake foreshadowing her death as she goes into labor going to die after giving birth.
Act III comprises the final third of the film.

The faun returns and gives Ofelia a final chance at completing the three tasks. She agrees going on to drug Vidal and bring her baby brother to the labyrinth. The Captain follows and shoots Ofelia, whose blood drips onto the altar in the labyrinth opening the portal. When the captain exits the labyrinth, the rebels await him where hands over his son before being shot.
Conflict: c
onflict can arise from external factors such as within a character, or from a combination of forces.
Person versus person (external conflict)
Person versus environment or social institution (external conflict)
Person versus a task they are compelled to undertake (internal and external conflict)
Person versus themselves, as in someone with conflicting traits or beliefs (internal conflict).
Climax/turning point:
of the action, which is the highest point of tension. This occurs just before the resolution.
Universal Truths
or experiences e.g. coming of age, or hopes such as to have enough food and/or love

Common motifs:

Talking animals / objects

Human weakness explored (i.e., curiosity, gluttony, pride, laziness, etc.)

Guardians (fairy godmothers, mentors, magical helpers, guides, etc.)

Monsters (dragons, ogres, evil creatures, etc.)

Struggle between good and evil, light and dark Quests

Keys, passes (opening new doors)
Resolution, coda or denouement:
is where the conflict ends, and the tension subsides
Follows European folkloric
fantasy characters
(such as giants, dwarfs, elves, fairies, witches, etc and usually the inclusion of magic.

beginning or ending words
/sentences: Once upon a time, Long ago, in a faraway land, and they lived happily ever after.
Denouement or Coda
: Despite Ofelia's death, her own sacrifice grants her entry into the underworld, where she really "belongs". She is reborn into who she truly is and wants to be, thus following a coming of age story aforementioned earlier as a fairytale convention.
Use the fairytale conventions, and three act structure to further your knowledge in del Toro's crafting so that you can gain those higher grades
Fairytale conventions
Fairy Story:
A children’s tale about magical and imaginary beings and lands.

Teach children about
which are concerned with
principles of right and wrong

Freudian Psychoanalysis
the id, the ego, and the superego are always in conflict resulting in
our primal needs to be at odds with our consciences.
Three acts dissected
Pan's Labyrinth narrative convention: Three-act Structure

Syd Field states that screenplays follow a three-act structure, comprised of three parts: Setup, Confrontation, and Resolution.

Within the three act structure is the exposition, conflict/crises, climax and coda/denouement/resolution.

a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory. Essentially the setup where character, setting, context, ect. are established.

a time of intense difficulty or danger, or a time when a difficult or important decision must be made by the protagonist leading to rising tensions.
Act 1 (Setup)
The first act comprises the first
third of the story or screenplay.

Exposition fantasy:
The Faun narrates the story of "a Princess who dreamed of the human world."

Exposition reality:
We meet our protagonist Ofelia and her sickly mother on their way to meet with Ofelia's new stepfather, Captain Vidal. Ofelia's father is dead and she escapes her reality through her fairytale books.
Act 2 (Confrontation)
Act II is the second third of the story comprising of the main bulk of the film.

Ofelia begins her journey to completing the three tasks set by the faun, all whilst her pregnant mother becomes more and more ill as the days pass. She succeeds in her first task of retrieving a key from inside the toad.
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