Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Stress & The Brain
Transcript of Stress & The Brain
By Rebekah Terpstra
HOW STRESS AFFECTS OUR BRAINS
The effect it has on our brains,
and how we can fight back.
Strategy #5: A PERSONAL ENJOYMENT
Chronic Stress has Long-Term impacts
occurring for a
Stress disrupts Memory
SAY TO STRESS
A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE
Chemistry & Connectivity
"the stress hormone"
Mostly composed of neurons for storing information
White Matter (Myelin)
Mostly composed of axons, for neural connections
Excess of Myelin can lead to development of mental, mood, and emotional disorders later in life
When connections between the Amygdala and Hippocampus are disrupted, it can strengthen fear responses to an unhealthy point (relation to PTSD)
psychologist Daniel Goleman wrote that
"The hippocampus is especially vulnerable
to ongoing emotional distress
because of the damaging effects of cortisol"
Chronic stress can lower the number of stem cells that grow into new neurons
This harms a person's learning & memory
Cortisol increases the size of the Amygdala, which impacts our panic as well as our emotional reactions
This then tampers with our ability to perceive information
Our minds will remember fear/panic better than what the person is actually studying
Too much stress leads to an excess of Myelin
This results in unbalanced amounts of grey & white matter, and therefore improper connections and communications in our brain
This image shows an excess of Myelin (red) disrupting communication in the brain's neural pathways
Maintain a good diet.
Always eat breakfast
Have balanced & nutritional meals
Lower your caffeine intake.
Cut down on coffee, soft drinks, and sugary snacks
Avoid alcohol, smoking, and drugs.
And get enough rest!
(Robinson, Smith, & Segal; 2015).
Letting out aggression
reduces cortisol levels.
Try kickboxing, sparring, or a punching bag
Try walking, jogging, the elliptical, swimming, etc.
Bonus: If this is done most days of the week, it can help conquer stress long-term
decreases cortisol as well as fear levels.
All kinds of meditation are good for lowering anxiety & cortisol levels
Meditation practices are different for everyone, so choose what's best for you
Just 10-15 each day of simply relaxing and breathing deeply has been proven to lower cortisol levels, heart rate, and blood pressure
Engaging socially with people who make you feel safe is relaxing for the body and mind
Engagements such as
"put the brakes on defensive stress responses" (Robinson et al, 2015)
Being/connecting with friends can also release hormones that reduce and counteract cortisol
Christopher Bergland notes that "Close knit human bonds—whether it be family, friendship or a romantic partner—are vital for your physical and mental health at any age" (2015).
(Robinson, Segal, & Smith; 2015).
One of the most natural ways to fight back against stress is to complete an activity that you personally enjoy
Doing one thing that you really like each day, even just for small amounts of time (ie: 10-20 minutes) can fight your stress and reduce overall cortisol levels
Starting an art project
Reading a book
Playing a sport
Listening to music
Watching a movie
Bergland, Christopher. "Cortisol: Why The Stress Hormone Is Public Enemy No. 1". Psychology Today. N.p., 2015. Web. 30 Nov. 2015.
Gregoire, Carolyn. 'How Stress Changes The Brain'. The Huffington Post. N.p., 2015. Web. 30 Nov. 2015
Heart.org,. "Four Ways To Deal With Stress". N.p., 2015. Web.
30 Nov. 2015.
Robinson, Lawrence, Melinda Smith, and Robert Segal. 'Stress Management: How To Reduce, Prevent, And Cope With Stress'. Helpguide.org. N.p., 2015. Web. 30 Nov. 2015.
Sanders, Robert. 'New Evidence That Chronic Stress Predisposes Brain To Mental Illness'. Berkeley News. N.p., 2014. Web. 30 Nov. 2015.