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Innovative Approaches to Youth Gang Prevention
Transcript of Innovative Approaches to Youth Gang Prevention
and Violence Prevention Project Lessons learned Questions and Discussion Innovative Approaches
to Youth Gang Prevention
In Central America Experiences
from El Salvador and Guatemala 5-year project funded by USAID, 2008-12 Roberto Samayoa, CECI El Salvador
Ottawa, November 2nd 2012 Implemented by RTI and CECI Total Budget: US$ 7.7M, US$ 4.5M in Grants Incidence in 15 high-risk communities 3,500 direct beneficiaries, 2,600 youth Crosscutting themes:
Youth at Risk and Gender Perspective Intervention Areas The 4-legged table:
Inter-Institutional Working Groups Innovative Youth Gang Prevention Initiatives in El Salvador and Guatemala Young Social Entrepreneurs Implemented by the Salvadoran Association For Rural Health – ASAPROSAR
Total budget US $133,000
150 young men and women beneficiaries from 3 municipalities
Objective: To generate spaces for the identification and replication of crime prevention protection factors for young men and women through planning and implementing social entrepreneurship initiatives.
Training in Social Entrepreneurship, including leadership, empathy, teamwork , etc.
Created a culture where youth are recognized as powerful agents of change
The youth formed 30 clusters to develop social ventures that aimed at solving community-based problems
Their social ventures in areas such as recreation, waste management, art training, were assessed by experts who helped in improving success rates
All social venture initiatives received seed-capital to initiate their activities Strengthening Technical, Entrepreneurial and Productive Capabilities Implemented by: Corporate Foundation for Educational Development – FEPADE
Total Budget US $405,000
1,650 young men and women from public schools in 4 municipalities
Objective: To provide vocational training in order to develop and stregthen the entrepreneurial spirit of young men and women from low income and low education level communities. 872 youth participated in a comprehensive technical training training program, 60% women, 40% men
Development of skills for a specific trade
Trades are selected in a participatory process, some of these include: typical crafts, gastronomy, electronic equipment maintenance and jewelry design Component 1: Technical-Vocational Training 778 youth received training, 64% women, 36% men, in 5 progressive modules:
1. Developing the Entrepreneurial Spirit
2. Strengthening Associative Entrepreneurial Abilities
3. Identifying Business Opportunities Workshop
4. Seed Capital Contest
5. Seed Capital for Business Start up
19 of the 26 businesses created are still running, in areas such as auto-shops, beauty salons and corner stores Component 2: Developing and Strengthening Entrepreneurial Spirit Think Different, get your Mind into Art! Implemented by Cultural Association for Scenic Arts - ESCÉNICA
Total Budget US $88,000
284 direct beneficiaries and 5,219 indirect beneficiaries
All young women and men from 9 schools in 2 municipalities
Objective: To create educational spaces to foster art and culture among children and teenagers in order to offer youth violence and crime prevention alternatives to high-risk communities. Training in scenic arts with a “playing to learn” approach, including theater, dance, circus arts and experimental music
Training focuses on:
Developing expression and communication abilities
Generating trust and camaraderie among participants
Identifying and developing leadership skills
Learning techniques to identify and solve community problems by non-violent means
Learning techniques to develop social art Get your mind into art! Lessons Learned Social prevention of violence is a complex process that requires comprehensive responses
Crime and violence need to be addressed locally, through participatory prevention plans that include gender equality and youth at risk considerations
Participatory crime prevention involves step-by-step capacity building processes of multidisciplinary and inter-institutional work teams in the field Lessons Learned Social prevention of violence is a complex process that requires comprehensive responses
In order for youth violence to be successful, it needs to be addressed locally, through participatory prevention plans that include gender equality
Participatory youth violence prevention involves step-by-step capacity building of multidisciplinary and inter-institutional work teams in the field
Youth must have a leading, active role in violence prevention processes Community leaders Women Children Youth Justice Police Health Social Services Education Council Members Mayors Social Workers Municipal Staff Private Companies NGOs Foundations Churches Social entrepreneurship 1- Young Social Entrepreneurs
2- Strengthening Technical Entrepreneurial and Productive Capabilities
3- Think different, put your mind into art!
4- Veratours Implemented by Grupo Gestores
Total Budget US $108,000
1160 young women (48%) and men
Objective: To promote local business development and job opportunities for youth in the Municipality of Tactic, through business skills and vocational skills training. Groups from each municipality worked together on a Youth Festival
where different talents were exhibited
Certain youth groups are still performing in public and private
events Veratours Roberto Samayoa, CECI