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Scientific Revolution

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Jesse Conant

on 27 May 2014

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Transcript of Scientific Revolution

The Scientific Revolution
Dramatic shift in thought, theory, and the understanding of the world (1500-1700s CE)
German who believed that orbits were ellipses

Studied with Tyco Brahe

Coined term, "SATELLITE" which is a Latin for attendant

His work helped to support the Copernican model
Scientific Method
"I think therefore I am"

Extends mathematical methods to
science

Development of scientific method
Before the Scientific Revolution:
Europeans relied on two main sources for
their understanding of nature
BIBLE
WORK OF CLASSICAL THINKERS-LIKE ARISTOTLE
Rationalism
Johannes Kepler
Descartes
mmmmm......(Francis) Bacon
OBSERVATION is essential

systematic study

Philosopher as well
Individuals no longer held true to the teachings of the Greeks and the Bible
New discoveries and inventions changed scientific inquiry
Traditional teachings were challenged

Development and articulation of the scientific method
1. Kepler

2. Copernicus

3. Newton

4. Ptolemy (Greek)

5. Descartes

6. Galileo
Influential scientists for and of the
Scientific Revolution:
Kepler
Copernicus
Newton
Ptolemy (Greek)
Descartes
Galileo
Since the orbits of the planets are not circles but ellipses,
Copernicus could not explain all the details of planetary motion
Kepler
A belief or theory that opinions and actions should be based on reason and knowledge rather than on religious belief or emotional response
Three Guiding Principles
Celestial objects are made from perfect material and cannot change their properties (e.g., their brightness).
All motion in the heavens is uniform circular motion
Earth is at the center of the Universe
Aristotle’s Argument
View of the Universe 500+ Years Ago (Ptolemaic/Geocentric)
New, Copernican model (Heliocentric view)
Galileo Galilei, Italian who developed the first modern method of experimentation
Variation of first thermometer, greatly improved the telescope

Work encouraged by the Medici (Cosimo) family

Professor in Pisa and Padua
Galileo Galilei
Uniform acceleration=falling objects fall at the same rate

Phases of Venus, rough surface of moon, moons revolving around Jupiter

Supported heliocentric idea
Starry Messenger and Dialogues on the Two Chief World Systems
Universe operated according to math principle
Galileo continued
The apple is accelerated as it moves from the tree toward the ground.

There must be a force that acts on the apple to cause this acceleration.

The force is gravity. (could be applied to the Moon’s orbit as well)
Newton’s Observations of Apple
Newton’s Laws of Motion
Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it.
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.
Considered the father of modern science

His Principia articulated his concepts further think of giant grandfather clock


Specifically that the universe can be explained mathematically (calculus)



Considered a DEIST
Isaac Newton continued
AND
Full transcript