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Transcript of Prehistory
Prehistory of Man
Based on the analysis of the skeleton and
, it was concluded that Lucy was about 4 feet tall and
were also suited for bipedal locomotion
A major discovery of a near complete, female hominid skeleton was found in
by an archaeologist named Donald Johanson.
primarily refers to creatures that walked
The first ever human-like beings were called
and they developed in Africa which we now call the
Cradle of Humanity
3 - .1 Million Years Ago
The Paleolithic Era
The Paleolithic Era was an exciting time for early humans! Over
millions of years
, Hominids like Lucy began to undergo
small, and gradual changes
Hominids begin to use technology
The End Result?
Hominids on the Move!
Hominids have more human-like features
More refined hands
I have made Fire!
, and the ability to live and
adapt to other climates
, hominids move out of Africa into Europe and Asia!
This is called
Because they were always
on the move
early humans were also called
. Moving from place to place, following the migrations of
system of hunting animals and gathering plants for food was the main method of survival
Mr Kim's World History Class
Humans are now the dominant hominid species!
200,000 to 15,000 years ago
Through human adaptation, people live longer lives and have more children - thus
increasing the human population
10,000 Years Ago
Like plants, people bred only the best animals...
Animals had been domesticated for thousands of years before plants. Goats, sheep, water buffalo, elephants, llamas, and alpaca were some of the first animals to be domesticated
Wild grains like Wheat and Barely begin to appear in areas with reliable water sources
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
As a direct result of more sophisticated tools, people made the move from the Paleolithic Era to the Neolithic Era
Old Stone Age
New Stone Age
Use of Technology
From Africa to the World
The single most important concept in the Neolithic Era is....
but what is it?
is the organized farming of plants and animals
It is one of the most important concepts in human history!
People realize that new plants grow where seeds fall
The selective growing or breeding of plants and animals
Dogs were the first and were used for hunting and as guard animals
People saved the seeds from only the best plants, like the hardiest or tastiest
This created a surplus of food, clothing and transportation
...like the tamest, or those that with the most meat, milk, or wool
So Here's a General Breakdown
More Leisure Time
Trading of Goods
Creation of Villages
More time for
Conflict and Warfare
Spread of Disease
Dependent on weather for farming
What are the Effects?
Life gets Easier
There's so much more time for activities!
The Bad Stuff?
Less people die of starvation
People settle down in one place
Villages are created
and make pottery, paintings, and sculptures
are formed - Worship of gods, animals, the elements, and ancestors
Advances in language and cultural norms
As people come together, so does conflict......
Populated villages make it easier for
Domesticated Animals also spread disease
The Good and the
However sometimes the animals carried diseases....
The incredible amount of time
preceding recorded history or the invention of writing
that everything that has ever happened in the history of
can be represented by
All of Existence
Universe is about
The Earth is about
Written Language has only been around for
Think about everything we've missed!
This tiny speck?
We're going to narrow our understanding of Prehistory by specifically focusing on the existence of Humans, or Homo Sapiens
As opposed to other primates who made use of their
By estimating the age of the volcanic ash surrounding the bone fragments,
have estimated it to be around
They named her Lucy after the song, "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"
We have now entered the
Also known as the
We call this
changes does Homersapien undergo? (physical or biochemical characteristics)
We used our larger
to make stuff!
Once limited to natural causes like
, Homo erectus began to create and use
about 400,000 years ago for:
Live in colder climates
The most important physical development?
These got way bigger!
We have now entered the
Also known as the
or Upright Man,
made out of stone, wood, and bone to cut meat, chop roots, or use as weapons.
is made from leaves, grass, animal skins and furs, to keep warm
The earliest known
Boats and Canoes
which were made out of hallowed out trees and logs.
Activity was no longer limited to the daytime
Mammals and biting insects avoided smoke and fire
Improved nutrition due to cooked proteins