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Prehistory

timeline
by

Daniel Kim

on 27 August 2015

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Transcript of Prehistory

5 - 4 Million Years Ago
Prehistory of Man
The Beginning?
Based on the analysis of the skeleton and
knee joints
, it was concluded that Lucy was about 4 feet tall and
walked upright
! Her
heel bones
were also suited for bipedal locomotion
Our Ancestors
A major discovery of a near complete, female hominid skeleton was found in
Ethiopia
in
1974
by an archaeologist named Donald Johanson.
The term
Hominids
primarily refers to creatures that walked
upright
The first ever human-like beings were called
hominids
and they developed in Africa which we now call the
Cradle of Humanity
`
3 - .1 Million Years Ago
The Paleolithic Era
The Paleolithic Era was an exciting time for early humans! Over
millions of years
, Hominids like Lucy began to undergo
small, and gradual changes
Hominids begin to use technology
The End Result?
Hominids on the Move!
Hominids have more human-like features
Smaller Teeth
Larger Brains
More refined hands
Less Fur
I have made Fire!
Hominid Progress
With
bigger brains
,
better tools
, and the ability to live and
adapt to other climates
, hominids move out of Africa into Europe and Asia!
This is called
Because they were always
on the move
early humans were also called
Nomads
. Moving from place to place, following the migrations of
animal herds
.

This
Hunter-gatherer
system of hunting animals and gathering plants for food was the main method of survival
Mr Kim's World History Class
HOMO SAPIENS!
Humans are now the dominant hominid species!
200,000 to 15,000 years ago
Through human adaptation, people live longer lives and have more children - thus
increasing the human population
!
10,000 Years Ago
Neolithic Era
Neolithic Revolution
Animals
Plants
Like plants, people bred only the best animals...
Animals had been domesticated for thousands of years before plants. Goats, sheep, water buffalo, elephants, llamas, and alpaca were some of the first animals to be domesticated
Wild grains like Wheat and Barely begin to appear in areas with reliable water sources
Domestication
is....
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
As a direct result of more sophisticated tools, people made the move from the Paleolithic Era to the Neolithic Era
Paleolithic Era
Old Stone Age
Neolithic Era
New Stone Age
Physical Changes
Larger Brains
Use of Technology
Tools
Fire
Migration
Evolution
Population Boom
From Africa to the World
Review
Agricultural Revolution
The single most important concept in the Neolithic Era is....
AGRICULTURE
Walking Upright
but what is it?
Agriculture
is the organized farming of plants and animals

It is one of the most important concepts in human history!
Agriculture Tree
People realize that new plants grow where seeds fall
The selective growing or breeding of plants and animals
Dogs were the first and were used for hunting and as guard animals
People saved the seeds from only the best plants, like the hardiest or tastiest
This created a surplus of food, clothing and transportation
...like the tamest, or those that with the most meat, milk, or wool
So Here's a General Breakdown
Agriculture
Hunter-Gather
Nomadic Life
Bigger Brains
Better Tools
More/Better Food
More Leisure Time
Good Stuff
Bad Stuff
Easier Life
Population Explosion
Trading of Goods
Creation of Villages
More time for
Art
Religion
Conflict and Warfare
Spread of Disease
Dependent on weather for farming
What are the Effects?
Life gets Easier
There's so much more time for activities!
The Bad Stuff?
Less people die of starvation
People settle down in one place
Villages are created
People enjoy
art
and make pottery, paintings, and sculptures
Religions
are formed - Worship of gods, animals, the elements, and ancestors
Advances in language and cultural norms
As people come together, so does conflict......
War
over resources
Populated villages make it easier for
diseases
to spread
Domesticated Animals also spread disease
The Good and the
Bad
!
However sometimes the animals carried diseases....
What is
Prehistory
is
The incredible amount of time
preceding recorded history or the invention of writing
Now
Imagine
that everything that has ever happened in the history of
existence
can be represented by
a circle
All of Existence
Universe is about
13.8 Billions
years old!
The Earth is about
4.54 Billion
years old!
Written Language has only been around for
6,000
Years!
Think about everything we've missed!
This tiny speck?

Recorded History
We're going to narrow our understanding of Prehistory by specifically focusing on the existence of Humans, or Homo Sapiens
As opposed to other primates who made use of their
arms
By estimating the age of the volcanic ash surrounding the bone fragments,
archaeologists
have estimated it to be around
3.2 million
years old!
They named her Lucy after the song, "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"
We have now entered the
Paleo-lithic Era
Paleo
Old
Also known as the
lithic
Stone
Era
Age
We call this
EVOLUTION
What
Phenotypic
changes does Homersapien undergo? (physical or biochemical characteristics)
We used our larger
to make stuff!
Once limited to natural causes like
lightening strikes
, Homo erectus began to create and use
fire
about 400,000 years ago for:
Cooking
Heating
Light
Protection
Live in colder climates
Migration!
The most important physical development?
These got way bigger!
We have now entered the
Neo-lithic Era
Also known as the
Neo
New
lithic
Stone
Era
Age
Homo Erectus,
or Upright Man,

began using
tools
made out of stone, wood, and bone to cut meat, chop roots, or use as weapons.
Clothing
is made from leaves, grass, animal skins and furs, to keep warm
The earliest known
Boats and Canoes
were called
Dugouts
which were made out of hallowed out trees and logs.
Activity was no longer limited to the daytime
Mammals and biting insects avoided smoke and fire
Improved nutrition due to cooked proteins
Full transcript