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Principles and Practices of Integrated Pest Management

Introduction to integrated pest management (IPM) as a decision-making process & components of an effective IPM program

Luis Agurto

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Principles and Practices of Integrated Pest Management

What is IPM? IPM Is: IPM is NOT: Everything is connected to everything else a concept
a systems approach
relies on eco-system information a product
watered down pest management IPM has many conflicting definitions It is the decion-making process
that determines authentic IPM Definitions of IPM
Establish pest
treatment threshold
with customer Quality
assurance Components of IPM Decision-Making Process “Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a decision-making process that anticipates and prevents pest activity and infestation by combining several strategies to achieve long-term solutions. Components of an IPM program may include education, proper waste management, structural repair, maintenance, biological and mechanical control techniques, and pesticide application.” A coordinated system of technological and management practices to control pests in a safe, environmentally sound, and economical manner. It is a process for minimizing pesticide use and risk while maximizing the control of pests that affect public health, impede operations, or damage property. IPM has been mandated on Federal property since 1996 by Section 136r-1 of Title 7, United States Code, and is cited in Title 41 of the Code of Federal Regulations (102-74.35) as a required service for agencies subject to the authority of the General Services Administration (GSA). “IPM is a science-based strategy and decision-making process that
provides effective, long-term pest control while emphasizing pest prevention and the use of non-chemical pest management practices. At its core, IPM includes the following activities:
• Inspection, monitoring and record-keeping are used to determine if thresholds for acceptable pest levels have been exceeded and to select the location, timing, and type of management strategies needed to successfully manage pests.
• A partnership is formed with the customer to facilitate management of pests.
• Appropriate and site-specific treatments are selected from educational, cultural, manual, mechanical, physical, biological, and chemical strategies. They are used within an integrated program to achieve long-term solutions that minimize hazards to human health and the environment.
• Reduced-risk chemical controls are included in the treatment program when non-chemical methods are insufficient to solve the pest problem in an effective and affordable manner.” “Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.

The IPM approach can be applied to both agricultural and non-agricultural settings, such as the home, garden, and workplace. IPM takes advantage of all appropriate pest management options including, but not limited to, the judicious use of pesticides. In contrast, organic food production applies many of the same concepts as IPM but limits the use of pesticides to those that are produced from natural sources, as opposed to synthetic chemicals.” least risk most risk The Rat Eco System Rat Population Non-living component Life-Support System
for Rat Population Air
Food (garbage)
Habitat (sewers, houses)
Water Living Component Pathogens (e.g., bubonic plague)
Predators (e.g., cats, dogs, owls, hawks, snakes
Parasites (e.g., fleas, mites Gather background on the pest problem Learn the biology and behavior of the pests and natural enemies Establish an on-going monitoring program and record-keeping system Develop an
IPM Plan Evaluate
program Education
and training interview the IPM team and record detailed info avbout pest issues:

Type of problem/pests
Evidence of problem/pests
Location and number of problem/pests
History of the problems (service requests, etc)
Actions already taken by the building and results
Incidents, actions, weather conditions, etc that might be linked to the pest infestation reproduction
food and water sources
natural enemies Educate the team about how an IPM service works:

Uses regular monitoring to prevent pest problems
Focuses on the source of the pest problem
Emphasizes prevention and non-chemical methods
Integrates reduced-risk pesticides only when necessary
Seeks long-term solutions to pest problems
Treatment program may take a little longer to work, but results last longer Inspection is a one-time event. Monitoring is paying close attention on a regular basis
Both activities provide critical information needed to solve pest problems
Monitoring is an integral part of IPM- a legitimate, necessary activity, not just “doing nothing." “ The point at which pest management measures are applied to avoid economic, medical, structural, and/or aesthetic damage or nuisance due to pests” Determining pest treatment thresholds:
aesthetic, medical, stuructural or nuisance issues
assess the severity of the pest problem
determine if treatment is necessary
discuss with the building manager/ occupants concerns and needs (will be an on-going discussion)
benefits of some tolerance of pests (ants vs termites or fleas)
establish pest management objectives
record information Monitoring and record-keeping tools are used to:
Track pest numbers, location and activity
Record conditions conducive to pests
Record treatment thrsholds
Record treatment actions and efficacy of treatments
Record recommendations regarding sanitation, etc requiring remediation by customer
Evaluate the success of actions taken by the customer and IPMP
Evaluate overall IPM program success Benefits of written records:
Tracks management actions and recommendations
Makes pest problems more predictable
Enables evaluation of treatments
Aids in cost control
Makes history of the pest problem and actions taken available to substitutes and replacements
makes IPM service accountable (laws, regs)
Reduces liability risks IPM Strategies:
Strategies are evaluated to fit the pest’s life cycle, the customer’s needs, the site, and the surrounding environment
Strategies are chosen to be most effective for solving the pest problem in the long-term and least hazardous to the customer, property, and the environment
Pesticides are used only when absolutely needed. Pesticide products and delviery systems that reduce exposure to people, other non-target organisms, and environmental reosurces are selected
Not all available strategies will work equally well inalll locations. Sometimes IPMP's will have to “think outside the box” and experiment to solve a problem
Actions taken are recorded A good IPM plan should contain:
management objectives
the communication system
spheres of responsibilities for the team
conditions conducive to pests
current & potential pest problems
Recommendations for prevention
Frequency and schedule of service
IPM strategies for specific pests once treatment thresholds have been reached Principles and Practices of
Integrated Pest Management IPM Determine how to prevent future pest infestations:
How can the pest habitat be altered to reduce pest presence?
How can access to structures be closed?
How can access to food and water be reduced or eliminated?
How can customer behavior change be achieved if necessary to solve pest problems? Have pest management objectives been achieved?
Has the customer cooperated as requested?
Are adjustments to the IPM plan required?
Is the management program cost-effective?
Are the building occupants enthusiastically satisfied? On-going communication regarding pest issues
Minimum once per year QA/QC inspection by someone other than regular technician Educate on:
the IPM plan
progress made in implemenation/ imporvements
how to participate/report pests IPM Strategies are usually categorized as:
No treatment
habitat modification
manual/mechanical controls
physical controls
cultural controls
biological controls
reduced-risk chemical controls
customer education and IPMP training Select IPM Strategies to prevent,
suppress, or eliminate the pest IPM uses multiple integrated strategies, with emphasis on prevention and non-chemical techniques Thoroughly inspect the property and rrepare a written list/map of:
Key pests discovered and locations
number of pests/amount of damage or nuisance
Sources of infestation
Conditions conducive to pest infestations (structural, environmental, behavioral)
Potential problems associated with the pests Establish the IPM Team Who:
Building Manager
Maintenance people, janitors, landscapers
Other building occupants
PCO Discuss why IPM is the best approach:
long term solutions
more effective
less pesticide use
less liability
Full transcript