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Speech and Language Disorders

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Hayley Williams

on 3 October 2013

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Transcript of Speech and Language Disorders

Finding Help
Help for Babies and Toddlers:
Early Intervention Services
Provide services until the child's 3rd birthday
Free of charge
It identifies the child's developmental delays or disabilities
Individualized Family Systems Plan
Describes child's unique needs
Services that the child will receive
Family member support
Help for School Aged Children:
Individualized Education Plan
Similar to the IFSP

Speech and Language Disorders
production of sounds incorrectly
difficulty making certain sounds
sounds may be absent, added, changed or distorted
"wabbit" for "rabbit"
Not a concern unless it continues
the sound that is produced when air from the lungs pushes through the voice box, making the vocal folds vibrate.
A voice disorder involves problems with the pitch, loudness, resonance, or quality of the voice.
People with voice problems often notice changes in pitch, loss of voice, loss of endurance, and sometimes a sharp or dull pain associated with voice use.
Family Issues (Affection)
-despite difficulties while communicating, he/she does best to be sociable while being clearly understood
-autism speech disorder (child is not usually affectionate)
-trouble showing affection if they feel bullied
-varies by families and if they take the time to get their child help
Family Issues (Spiritual)
-Church acceptance
-shouldn't be treated differently than others
-support from the church community
IDEA, defines the term “speech or language impairment” as follows:
“(11) Speech or language impairment means a communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.” [34 CFR §300.8(c)(11]
Brianna Huff, Hayley Williams,
Bobby McCarthy, and Abigail Altman

Family Issues (Economics)
-therapy costs
-Assistive Technology
-outside school activities (dance class, traveling teams, private lessons, camps, etc.)
Family Issues (Daily Care)
-child might need speech therapy
-have child play and interact with others
-parent interact with the child everyday
-might have to translate what their child says to others if they don't understand
4 Major Areas
When something is disrupting the rhythmic and forward flow of speech
Results in an abnormal number repetitions, hesitations, prolongations or disturbances
Tension is usually visible
has to do with meanings rather than sounds.
a language disorder refers to an impaired ability to understand or use words in context.
Specific language disorders:
expressive (difficulty expressing ideas or needs)
receptive (difficulty in understanding what others are saying)
mixed (involves both expressive and receptive disorders).
Family Issues (Self-Esteem)
-child may worry that he/she doesn't speak with clarity
-harder time socializing with peers
-less confident about life (or future) than their peers who do not stutter
-lower life satisfaction
Speech Language Pathology Services Include:
Identification of children with speech or language impairments
Diagnosis and appraisal of specific speech or language impairments
Referral for medical or other professional attention
Provision of speech and language services
Counseling and guidance of parents, children, and teachers regarding speech and language impairments. [34 CFR §300.34(c)(15)]
Individual therapy for the child
Consult with child's teacher
Assistive Technology:
Very helpful for these students
IEP teachers will consider which ones will work
Helps students
share their thoughts
Complete school work
Demonstrate their learning
http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=9F0RBuA7e20
Finding Help Continued
Since all communication disorders carry the potential to isolate individuals from their social and educational surroundings, it is essential to provide help and support as soon as a problem is identified. While many speech and language patterns can be called “baby talk” and are part of children’s normal development, they can become problems if they are not outgrown as expected.
Tips for Teachers
Learn as much as you can about a student's disability.
Ask for a copy of the student's IEP; the educational goals the student is working towards as well as accommodations are listed there.
Make sure needed accommodations are provided for classwork, homework, and testing.
Communicate with the student's parents. Share information about how the student is doing at school, and home.
Consult with others who can help you identify strategies for teaching and supporting the student.
Tips for Parents
Learn the specifics of your child's impairment.
Be patient.
Meet with the school and develop an IEP.
Be well informed about the therapy your child is receiving.
Give your child chores. Chores build confidence and ability.
Talk to other parents whose children have similar impairments.
Keep in touch with your child's teachers.
Listen to your child.
Don't force your child to speak.
Improper use of words and their meanings
inability to express ideas
inappropriate grammatical patterns
reduced vocabulary
inability to follow directions
Characteristics of Language Disorders
Family Issues (Socialization)
-struggle holding fluent conversations
-hard time socializing with classmates, teachers, etc.
-talk very monotone trying to form words
-may struggle maintaining friendships
-speech impediments are often a target for bullying

Family Issues (Recreation)
-family involvement in activities can help child's confidence
-child can do any recreational activity unless he/she needs to be vocal playing certain sports such as football, basketball, cheerleading, etc.
Family Issues (Education)
-might need to get Assistive Technology (AT)
-Communication is HUGE in education
-parent must consult with the child's teacher on the most effective ways to help the child communicate in the classroom setting
-work closely with the family to develop goals and techniques for the child at class and at home

Some causes of speech and language disorders include:
hearing loss, neurological disorders, brain injury, intellectual disabilities, drug abuse, physical impairments such as cleft lip or palate, and vocal abuse or misuse. Frequently, however, the cause is unknown.
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Now its your turn..
As if you had an articulation disorder:
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