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Editing

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by

Lauren Bratslavsky

on 20 October 2014

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Transcript of Editing

Editing
deceptively simple, but oh so powerful
http://www.criticalcommons.org/Members/jbutler/clips/Homicide193330131qq00_43_31qq.mpg/view
set up: what is editing
on a more complex level, editing :
controls our sense of

paces, shapes, and conveys narrative

can clue us in to emotions, characters, tone, and so on
SPACE
TIME
2
3
1
(let this guy explain the theory / practice)
from the CBC interview, "A Talk with Alfred Hitchcock", 1964
how
linear editing
nonlinear editing
- editing of sequence means shot A, B, C, etc.
- was destructive ... literally cut, pasted, and recut film or tape
- digital, non-destructive editing
- can place shots anywhere in sequence and endlessly rearrange
CONTINUITY:
Classic Rules of Editing

SPATIAL
TEMPORAL
key: AXIS of ACTION
space is oriented around axis of action, or the 180 rule, where camera only stays on one side of axis
textbook example - p 300
- establishes screen direction
- establishes space of action
this governs a pattern of editing and the "classical construction of space"
establishing shot

shot - counter shot pattern

re-establishing shot


re-establish, or end of conversation
(character walks off scene, music plays)
shot variation
Match Cuts
to maintain the continuity of moving through space ... think ... exterior door to interior house or fork in a salad to fork in mouth ...
match the action or match the eyeline
of the succeeding shot to the space (and timing) in the previous shot.
why this matters:
modes of production (technical, aesthetic, narrative), the form of the program
match-on-action
- sequence of shots that continues movement through and within space
eyeline match
- objective -- not from the character's P.O.V.
- subjective -- from character's P.O.V.
opposite: JUMP CUT
creates a disruptive gap in space / time; something feels missing because something moves and we don't see that movement
SOUND
match cut; shot counter shot; eyeline (subjective)
bringing it together:
(stop at 30 sec - fan-edited sequence
editing can manipulate the duration and order of time
Fades and dissolves

in tv: less often used within a scene, more often used to convey passing of time, simultaneous events, flashbacks, and so on
the edits:
ANALYSIS:
story time vs screen time
montages
exterior establishing shots
the bridge: transition technique
and editing
helps maintain / create continuity -- within and between scenes (flow)
music fades / "pops" : beginning or end of scenes
narration: guides viewer through narrative; through space + time
sound fx
bringing it together:
key terms:
diegetic and non-diegetic
laugh track / audience cues
helps create meaning; like visual edits
http://www.criticalcommons.org/Members/jbutler/clips/Damages20070814qq00_00_00qq-Desktop.m4v/view
http://www.hulu.com/watch/533804
cross cuts
[ play Raising Hope clip ]
[ play the TARA clip: Axis + shot counter shot]
but! can be broken, not a hard-and-fast rule for single-camera productions ... when used with purpose
[ play scrubs clip ]
Full transcript