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Crusades

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Jackson Durkin

on 4 October 2014

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Transcript of Crusades

Crusades
by Jackson Durkin, View Chivatanaporn, Max Walsh, and Marielle Babb
Tangier
The Third Crusade (1189-1192)
Henry II of England
Died before leaving.
Richard I (Henry's son)
Philip II of France
Holy Roman
Emperor Frederick I
Died
crossing
the
Goksu.
1190
Tried to reclaim Jerusalem

Killed Acre prisoners, seized Arsuf and Jaffa

Treaty with Saladin, September 2, 1192 (ended 1198)

Back to England
Returned home
after seize and
surrender of Acre
Works Cited
"Third Crusade (1189-1192)." Third Crusade. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2014. <http://www.umich.edu/~eng415/timeline/summaries/third_crusade.htm>.
The Second Crusade (1147-1149)
King Louis VII

"Crusades." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2014.
<http://www.history.com/topics/crusades>

Phillips, Jonathan. "The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople." History Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2014.
http://www.historytoday.com/jonathan-phillips/fourth-crusade-and-sack-constantinople

"The Second Crusade." The Second Crusade. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2014. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/second_crusade.htm>.


King's Crusade
King Conrad III
The 4th Crusade 1202-1204
The 4th crusade was a monumental failure.
Was the last major crusade
This crusade was undertaken by Italian countries, as the rest of Western Europe was having other problems.
The Sacking of Constantinople
Many of the crusades passed through Constantinople, but the Italian Crusaders hated the Greeks and they were not received well. Since the crusade was so small, Prince Alexius, an "heir" to the Byzantine throne gave them a proposition. He would give them money and troops if they took over Constantinople for him, this did disgust many of the Crusaders and some left, but the ones that stayed attacked Constantinople and won the city. The Prince could not give the Crusaders the men and money he promised because of social instability, he was overthrown and the Crusaders, feeling threatened, sacked Constantinople. The Crusaders conquered Byzantine but it was reconquered in 1261, this was the last major Crusade because the Crusaders never attacked Muslims, they decimated fellow Christians.
Participants in the 4th Crusade
Count Baldwin of Flanders

Theobald III, Count of Champagne
Count Hugh of St Pol
Count Louis of Blois
These men were all very aggressive, being highly invested in dueling
1st Crusade
2nd Crusade
3rd Crusade
4th Crusade
Known as the King's Crusdae
European's attempt to reconquer the holy land from Saladin
1191, Richard's forces won in the battle of Arsuf.
He was able the reestablish control over some regions.
Richard refused to lay seige over Jerusalem and later signed a treaty with Saladin.
In all, very successful but it did not execute the ultimate goal to win Jerusalem.
Nur Al-Din
The 2nd Crusade was motivated by the capturing of the Christian state, Edessa.
The bulk of the forces were Germans and French.
They mainly fought against the Turks, but were defeated because Conrad and Louis split their forces and were easily overcome.
One of their objectives was to give support to Jerusalem, but they were unable to, prompting the 3rd Crusade.
Europe's economy suffered and the failure of the Crusade started the decline of the Crusader States.
The Egyptians and Syrians united under Saladin to fight the Christians and would continue in future Crusades
The Crusaders did make some small gains in Portugal but it was ultimately a failure.
The First Crusade

Started due to Alexius I of Constantinople's plea for help against muslim invaders.
Pope Urban the II responded with the might of Christendom, saying that it was God's Will.
The red cross was the main symbol for the Crusades because they were mainly christians against the muslims. It was viewed as a holy war.
Key cities/sieges
Nicea: Nicea was an important,well defended city, but the guy in charge was away so it fell easily.
Antioch: Antioch was important as well, but it had better defense. It took seven months to capture it.
Jerusalem: The main goal and the sacred city. The siege started in 1099 but didn't succeed until two siege machines were built. The crusaders cut down everyone when the walls fell and took treasure from the dome of the rock.
"The First Crusade." The First Crusade. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2014. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/first_crusade
The original goal was to defend Constantinople, but Pope Urban II did indeed turn it into a holy war against the muslims.
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