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Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

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Jasmine Fitts

on 26 April 2013

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Transcript of Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

Child Abuse
Prevention and Treatment Act History of CAPTA When was CAPTA enacted, established, and modified? Programs associated with CAPTA Charmane Bess, Ashley Bryant
Jasmine Fitts, Stacy Williams Conditions, problems and needs addressed What is CAPTA? Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act
Helps prevent child abuse and neglect and provides treatment for victims
Helps identify key risk factors for occurrence of child abuse and neglect The US has the worst record in the industrialized nation - losing FIVE children every day due to abuse-related deaths

Child abuse standards are set by Federal Law

The definition of child abuse is subjective Recognizing child abuse The Child: sudden changes in behavior or school performance, compliant, passive, and/or withdrawn, always watchful (prepares for something bad to happen, lacks adult supervision, etc. The Parent: shows little concern for child, always blames the child, sees child as bad, worthless or a burden, etc.. Statistics Nearly five children die every day in America from abuse and neglect
In 2011, an estimated 1,570 children died from abuse and neglect in the US
In the same year, Children Advocacy Centers served over 279,000 child victims. In 2012, the number was nearly 287,000
In NC, 132,679 children were referred to DSS for possible abuse and neglect Who does CAPTA apply to? Children who haven't received adequate protection or treatment

Any person who knows or suspects child abuse

Those who have abused children Who benefits from CAPTA? As a result of CAPTA, who loses or is placed at a disadvantage? Children in families investigated for abuse or neglect exhibit a greater risk for developmental delays Overall goals of CAPTA Provide federal funding to states

Provide grants to public agencies and nonprofit organizations

Eliminate child abuse
How can CAPTA better assist children? CAPTA can be changed to better assist children by:
-Being incorporated into elementary, middle and high schools
-coordinate with other child abuse programs
-Increasing its notability within child related activity Ways CAPTA can be improved - CAPTA was the first piece of Federal legislation to significantly impact child protection.

Signed into law President Nixon on January 31, 1974, it has been amended several times, most recently in 2010. The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) is the main piece of federal legislation addressing child abuse.

It puts forth a framework for defining types of child abuse and enables federal assistance for preventing, identifying, and treating child abuse nationwide.

CAPTA was enacted in 1974 and has been amended and rewritten several times. State Grants to Improve Child Protective Services

Research Demonstration and Technical Assistance

Community Based Grants for the Prevention of Child Abuse or Neglect Greensboro State Funding Is CAPTA Effective? CAPTA is doing what it is supposed to do in regards to the cases that are selected, but since not every reported case receives a thorough investigation, children are still dying.

An average of three children died every day as a result of abuse or neglect in 2002

A lot of cases may not be taken as serious due to:
-Public perception of abuse when it’s simply discipline
-Children are become increasingly aware of their power over their parents in regards to child abuse laws. Which political party supports CAPTA?

Both Democratic and Republican Party Supports the Child abuse Prevention and treatment Act.

- Sen. Chris Dodd (Democrat- Conn.) along with Chairman Tom Harkin (Democrat-Iowa) and Ranking Member Mike Enzi (Republican-Wyo.) of the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee introduced the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 2010 reauthorization bill. Who oppose/support CAPTA? Homeschool Legal defense Association (HSLDA) has an entire website (http://www.hslda.org/docs/news/201112150.asp) dedicated to the opposition of S. 1877 which will amend the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) to require—for the first time ever—every single state that receives federal funding under CAPTA to force every single adult to be a mandatory reporter of child abuse or neglect.

“HSLDA has seen firsthand how malicious or ignorant child abuse and neglect allegations have destroyed innocent families. A family has few protections against the power of CPS agencies. And even if a CPS investigation is closed as unfounded, the trauma to a young child, to an innocent family as a stranger (albeit maybe a well-intentioned stranger) enters the home and threatens to remove the children, is lasting and profound.

S. 1877 is unnecessary. The states—using federal money under the existing CAPTA statute—are fully capable of protecting children from abuse and neglect. S. 1877 will create a massive police state of reporting and will lead to unnecessary abuse and neglect investigations.”
Supporters- Child abuse organizations (Change.org) blue ribbons for kids, individuals (Barack Obama), Programs (Panama has a CAPTA program to help women of Panama rebuild their lives with children in domestic violence cases). CAPTA can be improved by having a administrative building

Providing funding not only to the agencies but child abuse victims who are living in poverty

CAPTA can partner up with social services to assist in finding child abuse victims new homes

Provide counseling for abused children

https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/about.cfm Who loses or is at a disadvantage? Children

Higher risk appears to exist across children in families investigated, not just families which allegations were substantiated.

34% of children under three have developmental delays and qualify for IDEA Children and parents or families who have been involved in the abuse.
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