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American Counterculture in the 1950s

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Carlo De Guzman

on 25 January 2013

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Transcript of American Counterculture in the 1950s

Carlo de Guzman American Counterculture of the 1950s Pre-1950s Development Sources August 6, 1945: Bombing of Hiroshima Context: HUAC and McCarthyism Hipsters Columbia University
San Francisco Renaissance
Howl (Gallery Six Reading)
Influences
Romanticism
French Surrealism
Modernism The Beat Movement Notable Films: Rebel Without a Cause and The Wild One
Dr. Spock's Baby and Child Care
Magazines: MAD and Playboy Other Developments Picture Citations Hiroshima bombing: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/54/Atomic_bombing_of_Japan.jpg/300px-Atomic_bombing_of_Japan.jpg
Beats: http://cultmoviestars.com/beatnik/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/beat1-1.jpg
Beat Generation: http://www.cryptomundo.com/wp-content/uploads/beat-generation.jpg
Beatniks: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Beatbeatbeat.jpg
Dizzy: http://api.ning.com/files/wkC0uMHb2g*SzST*dYi3b11Qq9gjEiWYrUqqZY5qpoFF2xqOPwa0h2xtSHEJwrxK/dizzy_gillespie.jpg
Bird: http://userserve-ak.last.fm/serve/252/141.jpg
Hipsters: http://media.divinecaroline.com/ext/article_images2/hipsters/40s.jpg
Spock: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Benjamin_Spock.jpg
MAD: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mad30.jpg
Playboy: http://g-ecx.images-amazon.com/images/G/01/askville/7297145_answers/1305237976407_playboy1.jpg
Hipsters 2: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-gereRNW8c7w/T_nnl_QX45I/AAAAAAAAAPs/1DmbXIrBjns/s1600/hipster-1940.jpg
Gallery Six: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_DNhuAChHEbE/S2Xxdvz5lnI/AAAAAAAABfk/zSptpvDE_cQ/s400/McClure+-+Six+Gallery+.jpg
Group: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carl_Solomon,_Patti_Smith,_Allen_Ginsberg_and_William_S._Burroughs.jpg
Beatniks 2: http://www.catherinenicole.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Beatnik-hipster-2.jpeg
Maynard Krebs: http://static.flickr.com/43/85914368_1e30934f5b_m.jpg
Rebel Without a Cause: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rebel_without_a_cause432.jpg Jazz
Originated from African-American spirituals and "field hollers"
1860s: blues music
1870s: boogie-woogie (later influenced rock & roll)
1920s: The Jazz Age
1930s: Swing
1940s: Bebop Beatniks Members of the Beat Movement Jack Kerouac
Allen Ginsberg
William Burroughs The Big Three Others Neal Cassady
Gregory Corso
Lucien Carr
Hal Chase
Leroi Jones (Amiri Baraka)
Gary Snyder
Bill Cannastra
Michael McClure
John Clellon Holmes Herbert Huncke
Kenneth Rexroth
Diane di Prima
Joyce Johnson
Anne Waldman http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beatnik
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hipster_(1940s_subculture)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beat_generation
http://www.online-literature.com/periods/beat.php
Sirius, R. U., and Dan Joy. "Rebels Without a Cause: The 1950s." Counterculture through the Ages: From Abraham to Acid House. New York: Villard, 2004. 225-45. Print. Influence of the Beats Fans of bebop who adopted some of their lifestyles (subculture)
Drugs of choice: heroin and marijuana
General characteristics: black and white, sloppy appearance, tried to avoid society (despaired over it)
Norman Mailer - The White Negro
Influenced Marlon Brando, Paul Newman, Montgomery Clift, James Dean, along with the films Young Man with a Horn and The Man with the Golden Arm "It implies the feeling of having been used, of being raw. [...] It involves [...] a feeling of being reduced to the bedrock of consciousness." Term coined by Herb Caen, SF Examiner Columnist
Started in SF's North Beach
Males: goatee, untucked shirt
Females: all black, wore berets
Often carried around bongos, thought not to have showered
Maynard Krebs (The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis) Drugs & alcohol, fluid with their sexuality (gay/bisexual) Hippies
Rock & Roll
The BEATles
Bob Dylan
Jim Morrison
Full transcript