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Biomes Report

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by

Gail Bagas

on 22 September 2014

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Transcript of Biomes Report

Temperate Grassland

Savanna

Shrub Lands
Summary
BIOMES
- a way to divide
the Earth's
surface
based on:
climate patterns
soil types
animal and plant life


TYPES OF BIOMES
aquatic
desert
forest
grasslands
tundra
rainforest

temperate forest

chaparral

taiga
freshwater

marine
savanna

temperate grasslands
AQUATIC BIOMES

Freshwater
Freshwater wetlands
Marine
Coral reef
Estuaries

terrestrial biomes
TERRESTRIAL BIOMES:
Tundra
Rainforest
Savanna
Taiga
Temperate forest
Temperate grassland
Alpine
Chaparral
Desert

One type of grassland biome
trees and shrubs absent
having grasses as the dominant vegetation

North of the Tropic of Cancer (23.5 degrees North) and south of the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5 degrees South)
veldts of Africa
pampas of South America
steppes of Eurasia
plains of North America

LOCATION
Summer
over 100 degrees Fahrenheit


CLIMATE
Winter
can be as low as
-40 degrees
Fahrenheit

have between 10 and 35 inches of precipitation a year, much of it occurring in the late spring and early summer.
Lesser rainfall

Grasses are the dominant vegetation
Woody shrubs and trees are not established due to seasonal drought, occasional fires and grazing by large mammals
Grasses are not easily destroyed by fire because of underground stems and buds

Buffalo Grass
Galleta
Flowers
6 to 12 inches high
flower stems grow 7 to 18 inches tall
can stand drought, heat, cold, and mowing
used for erosion control

Blue Grama
low growing, commonly
only 8 to 10 inches high
stoloniferous growth
habit
curly leaves
both staminate and
pistillate flowers
ideal grass for those
wanting a "native" landscape.

Blazing Stars
Sunflower
PLANT LIFE
animals eat grasses
growth point on the grasses is very close to the ground
dominant vertebrates are herbivorous

FOOD CHAIN/ ANIMALS
Sources:
http://www.defenders.org/grasslands/temperate-grasslands
http://kids.nceas.ucsb.edu/biomes/grassland.html
http://www.thewildclassroom.com/biomes/grasslands.html
type of grassland biome
Rolling grassland scattered with shrubs and isolated trees
“tropical grasslands”

LOCATION
CLIMATE
wet/dry climate (tropical climate & dry season in winter)

→ Dry season in winter
most plants shrivel up and die

→ Wet season
all plans are lush and the rivers flow freely


PLANT LIFE
plants - highly specialized:
long tap roots
thick bark
trunks (store water)
storage organs (bulbs & corms)

Grasses
Adaptations:
too sharp
bitter tasting

water -stored in its thick, corky, fire-resistant trunk (9 months ahead)
all parts are used (from bark → fruit)

Baobab
sturdy stem for pollinators
adaptations: tiny wooly hairs on its flowers (holds on water)

Kangaroo Paws
ANIMALS
long strong neck; very sharp beaks
eats fruits, flowers, seeds, caterpillars

long legs and wings
burrow underground
speed for survival
camouflage

Emu
savanna elephants
keep savanna clear

African Elephant

Sources:
http://biology.about.com/od/landbiomes/a/aa041706a.htm
Land Biomes: Climate and Locations of Savannas
** Large range of highly specialized plants and animals
**Grazers can coexist in one area
** People in these areas, started using it to graze their cattle and goats
● also known as Temperate Grassland

● usually an early stage in the natural succession to forests

● regions: chaparral, woodland and savanna.


LOCATION
West coastal regions between 30° and 40° North and South latitude

Southern California
Chile
Mexico
surrounding the Mediterranean Sea
southwest parts of Africa and Australia

usually found surrounding deserts and grasslands.
CLIMATE
ANIMALS
PLANT LIFE
shrubs or short trees

Plants have adapted to fire caused by the frequent lightning that occurs in the hot, dry summers.

fast-growing ‘coloniser’ species of plants.

more rain than deserts and grasslands but less than forested areas

not enough rain to support tall trees.


SHRUB: A much-branched woody plant fewer than 8 meters in height and usually with many stems.
reptiles
amphibians
birds
Sources:
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Experiments/Biome/bioshrubland.php
http://www.californiachaparral.org/shrublandecosystems.html
www.aucklandcouncil.govt.nz/EN/.../Documents/shrublandsguide.pdf
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