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Intro to the Trilogy - Anthropology, Psychology and Sociology
Transcript of Intro to the Trilogy - Anthropology, Psychology and Sociology
Psychology and Sociology photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli These 3 separate disciplines form the SOCIAL SCIENCES, or the science of exploring human societies, social relationships and human behaviour.
The Social Sciences The 3 Disciplines and
how they relate Anthropology The study of human beings as a species and as members of distinct and differing cultures Cultural Anthropology Physical Anthropology Explores how culture shaped the way humans lived in the past, and how we live today Looks at how humans are similar and different from other species, and how humans have developed biologically over time Psychology The study of the human mental processes, cognition and behaviour Theoretical Psychology Clinical Psychology Examines and attempts to understand the general rules that guide human thought and behaviour through overt actions and mental processes. Uses the understanding of Theoretical Psychology to study emotions in an attempt to help those with psychological problems. Sociology The study of individuals in groups. Sociology examines the relationships between people and the social structures that they develop. People will respond differently depending on those around;
differing social structures = differing psychological processes By examining the processes that have shaped previous societies (Anthro), a clearer picture of current social structure (Soci) can be better understood. The desire to act, and the understanding of cause and effect (Psych) separate human thought from those of other species on the planet (Physical Anthro), and actions taken by persons (Psych) often impact the structure of groups (Cultural Anthro) they belong to. Together these 3 disciplines help us better understand what it means to be human. The 3 disciplines attempt to investigate human thought and behaviour in a scientific manner. Therefore, they follow a process of INQUIRY which is a formal investigative procedure. The Inquiry Model Step 1: Identify a problem
or a question A hypothesis is a possible answer for your question, and the starting point for further investigation. It indicates what needs to be tested and which research method would work best. A problem provides the reason for the inquiry and indicates a plan of action. A social scientist may want to examine the link between inactivity and the number of game consoles a child owns. A question may be 'Do children that own more than three game consoles spend less time outdoors than those with less than three?' Step 2: Develop a hypothesis For example the social scientist may hypothesize that owning more than three gaming consoles increases a child's chances for inactivity. Step 3: Gather data The inquirer must determine how to gather data or information: case study, sample survey, interviews, experiments, observation, or a combination The inquirer may decide that a sample survey for children aged 10-14 would be best, but for children aged 6-9 observation would be best. Collected data has little meaning until it is organized, interpreted and analyzed. Step 4: Analyze the data The social scientist may determine that a graphical representation of their data will best demonstrate the relationship between the number of gaming consoles and the amount of inactivity Once the data has been gathered and organized, the inquirer can determine if their hypothesis is supported or not. Is it fully supported, partially supported, or can another hypothesis be formed? Step 5: Draw conclusions The inquirer may determine there is a link between inactivity and number of gaming consoles, but it does not support their original hypothesis. They may have found that access to one gaming console caused as much inactivity as access to four consoles. Please answer questions 4 thru 6 in the textbook on pages 7 and 8.
6c will be done as a small group (2-3) Now time to apply this lesson