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The 3 Muslim Empires

Navleen, Shreya, Addison and Vishal
by

Bob Bob

on 10 December 2015

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Transcript of The 3 Muslim Empires

Main Idea/ Big Idea
- Muslim armies conquered many lands into which Islam slowly spread.
-Trade helped Islam spread into new areas.
-Three Muslim empires ruled large areas of Asia and Africa and parts of Europe from the 1400s to the 1800s.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-BIG IDEA: After the early spread of Islam, three large Islamic empires formed--- the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires
The Ottomans
The famous leaders of the Ottomans were Mehmed, Mehmed II, and Suleyman I. The Ottoman Empire stretched and ranged from from Eastern Europe to Arabia and Northern Africa. The Ottomans had a very strong army and trained kids from cities they conquered to fight and become part of their army. They were Muslims and they believed in Islam. The Ottomans believed that anyone could become a caliph. Since The Ottomans believed anyone could be a caliph, there were called the Sunni.
The Safavids
The great leaders of the Safavids were Esma’il and Abbas. The Safavid Empire defeated the Persian empire and took over all the land that the Persian Empire once had, adding it to their empire. Like the Ottomans, the Safavid Empire trained kids from defeated cities to fight and join their army. After the Safavids conquered Persia, they blended in the Muslim and the Persian cultures together. The people in the Safavid empire also believed in the religion called Shiism which was similar to Islam. The emperor Esma’il attempted to spread his religion, Shiism farther to other places near them, but was stopped by the Ottomans and were conquered by them. Unlike the Ottomans, the Safavids believed that only the descendants of Muhammad could become caliphs. Since they thought that only descendants of Muhammad can become caliphs, they were known as the Shia.

Babur, Akbar, and Shah Jahan were the most famous leader of the Mughals. The Mughal Empire is located in northern India and is east of the Safavid Empire. The Mughals were people that blended in the Muslim, Hindu, and Persian cultures together. The Mughals religious policy allowed Hindus and Muslims in their empire to live in peace. However, anyone that was not a Muslim had to pay tax. During his reign, Akbar later removed the law where non-Muslims had to pay tax, but a later emperor reinstated the law. The Mughal Empire was known for the unique architecture it created such as the Taj Mahal which was created by the emperor Shah Jahan as the tomb for his wife.

Sources
http://www.britannica.com/
http://my.hrw.com/tabnav/controller.jsp?isbn=9780547522036
http://www.global-ethic-now.de/gen-eng/0b_weltethos-und-religionen/0b-01-03-islam/0b-01-0311-grossreiche.php#
Objective
-Learn key info about the three Empires (Location, Expansion, Ideas, Religion)

-Learn when and how the Empires started and declined

-Learn the key people, vocabulary, other important information from the Empire

-Ananlyze maps
The 3 Muslim Empires
By: Addison, Shreya, Navleen, and Vishal
Map of the Ottoman Empire
Map of Safavid Empire
Map of Mugal Empire
Abu Bakr- One of Muhammad's first converts, and first leader of Islam
Caliph - Title of the highest honored Muslim leader
Janissaries - Christian boys, who converted to Islam, and became "slave soldiers"
Mehmed || - A man known as the "Conquerer." He defeated the Byzantine Empire, and renamed the capital, Constantinople, to Istanbul
Suleyman | - Known as "the Magneficant." With an army, he took control of the eastern Mediterranean and part of Europe
Shia - Muslims that believe only the descendants of Muhammad can become caliphs
Sunni - People that believe that caliphs didn't have to be related to Muhammad
Tolerance - Acceptance
Vocabulary and People
Mugals
The Mughals
The Decline of the Ottoman Empire.
The Ottoman Empire started declining around the beggining of World War I. Many people raided the Ottoman Empire and wanted to take over the land that belonged to the empire since most of the Ottomans focused expanding their empire. Some of the attackers that raided the Ottoman empire were the Russians and the Safavid Empire. Slowly, the Ottoman empire started losing territory until the empire fell apart.
The Decline of the Safavid Empire
The Decline of the Safavid Empire occured around the 1700 hundreds. The Decline of the Safavid empire started of when the ruler of the empire Abbas, thought that his sons were creating a plot against him. This caused Abbas to kill many of his sons. Meanwhile, the Ottoman and the Mughal empire started to take away territory from the Safavid empire. However, in the end, a few nomad groups capture the capital of the Safavid empire and the Safavid empire was taken over by a Afghani ruler.
The Decline of the Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire started to decline when the last rule of the Mughal Empire ignored all the problems that occured in the empire. He was focused on trying to take over all of India and converting everyone in India into Muslim. Meanwhile, people in the empire started to rebel against the ruler and some of them started to stop following the religion Islam. In the end, Brittish people came into India and the Brittish power spread in India, causing the Mughal empire to fade away.
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