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Adopt-An-Element ~Nickel

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by

Raven Hill

on 13 May 2013

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Transcript of Adopt-An-Element ~Nickel

NICKEL Behind the Element "Not Just for the Coin Jar!" The Origin of the Nickel Health Effects of Nickel Many Products Interesting Factoids Specific Points in the Process Adopt-An-Element Nickel is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Nickel belongs to the transition metals and is hard and ductile. Pure nickel shows a significant chemical activity that can be observed when nickel is powdered to maximize the exposed surface area on which reactions can occur, but larger pieces of the metal are slow to react with air at ambient conditions due to the formation of a protective oxide surface. Even then, nickel is reactive enough with oxygen so that native nickel is rarely found on Earth's surface, being mostly confined to the interiors of larger nickel–iron meteorites that were protected from oxidation during their time in space. The name Nickel derives from an abbreviation of the German word 'kupfernickel' meaning "Devil's copper". In German 'Kupfer' means copper and 'Nickel' means devil. The German word 'Nickel' was a form of the name Nicholas, a term commonly associated with the devil which is why "Old Nick" is a familiar name for Satan. The metal was originally named by German miners who believed that the devil had changed or contaminated this strange ore, turning it into a less valuable and harder to work metal than valuable copper. The name was given by the chemist Axel von Cronstedt (1722-1765) who discovered the element. Nickel is a compound that occurs in the environment only at very low levels. Humans use nickel for many different applications. The most common application of nickel is the use as an ingredient of steal and other metal products. It can be found in common metal products such as jewelry. Melting point ~ 2,651°F (1,455°C)
Boiling point ~ 5,275°F (2,913°C)
Normal phase ~ Solid Nickel is used in many industrial and consumer products, including stainless steel, magnets, coinage, and special alloys. It is also used for plating and as a green tint in glass. Nickel is pre-eminently an alloy metal, and its chief use is in the nickel steels and nickel cast irons, of which there are innumberable varieties. It is also widely used for many other alloys, such as nickel brasses and bronzes, and alloys with copper, chromium, aluminum, lead, cobalt, silver, and gold. Many common household products contain nickel.
Nickel is commonly found in meteorites.
Nickel is required for animal and plant health.
Nickel can also negatively affect human health. Like I said earlier "Not Just for the Coin Jar!" The Nickel has so many achievements and accomplishments. It was found earlier in time and was brought down to the 21st century in some pretty interesting ways that is actually pretty amazing. So, congradulations Number 28 on the Periodic Table. Raven T. Hill
May 10, 2013
6th Period
Science Nickel is of the Iron group and it takes on a high polish. It is a fairly good conductor of heat and electricity. Symbol ~ Ni
Atomic Number ~ 28
Atomic Mass ~ 58 (58.6934)
Number of Protons ~ 28
Number of Electrons ~ 28
Number of Nuetrons ~ 30
Normal State of Matter ~ Solid Alex van Cronstedt
1722-1765 Most nickel on Earth is inaccessible because it is locked away in the planet's iron-nickel molten core, which is 10 % nickel. The total amount of nickel dissolved in the sea has been calculated to be around 8 billion tons. Organic matter has a strong ability to absorb the metal which is why coal and oil contain considerable amounts. An uptake of too large quantities of nickel has the following consequences:
- Higher chances of development of lung cancer, nose cancer, larynx cancer and prostate cancer
- Sickness and dizziness after exposure to nickel gas
- Lung embolism
- Respiratory failure
- Birth defects
- Asthma and chronic bronchitis
- Allergic reactions such as skin rashes, mainly from jewelry
- Heart disorders
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