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US- China Relations

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by

Alan Zhou

on 6 November 2014

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Transcript of US- China Relations

Introduction
US had recognized the government of Taiwan in the aftermath of the Chinese Civil War
PR China takes over China's seat in the UN on Oct 25, 1971
United States approaches PRC as a method of counterbalancing Soviet influence in Asia
Both sides establish mutual embassies in 1979
Military Relations
China begins Reforming and Opening Up policy under Deng Xiaoping, part of policy is known as China's Peaceful Rise
Development of the PLA is seen as priority to project China's image
Culminates with the first deployment of full-sized carrier in Asia-Pacific
Economic Issues
$579 B in trade in 2012
US is China’s 3rd largest export market
China is US largest export market
$318.4B trade deficit between US and China
US-China Relations
United States
Dominant power in Pacific since WWII
Some in US political circles see China's actions as heavy handed
US deploys military equipment to Philippines in order to contain China
Also invites China to RIMPAC as method of military diplomacy and engagement
China's Missiles
Taiwan
China has made Taiwan clear National interest
Publicly stated the succession will be met with military force
Washington has made it public that Taiwan has right to defend itself
US sells weapons to Taiwan as per the Taiwan Relations Act
Currency Issues
US claims that China is currency manipulator
Some claim that China’s currency devaluation policy produce a de facto tariff on US goods entering China
China emerging relatively unscathed in the ‘08 Financial Crisis, should not play junior fiddle to west, Wen Jiabao has warned of retaliation in the form of debt dumping
Economic and Trade Espionage
Fears of China conducting cyber warfare on US interests
US indicts Chinese military members for spying on US economic interests
Historically, US has also been known for spying on other countries as it developed own economic base in the 18th and 19 centuries.
Japan
Center of Sino-Japanese dispute is Diaoyutai Islands
Area has potential for hydrocarbon deposits
US has conflicting stance towards issue
State Department has noted that the US will not get involved in Island dispute
DoD has noted that the Islands are covered under a US-Japan Mutual Defense Treaty
Domestic issues have effected actions on both sides
China sees need to be assertive in order to have access to needed natural energu resources
much of western criticism China sees as meddling in internal affairs
Political Relations
Territorial Issues
Deng "It's time to spank the unruly little Children" 1979
Both economies in need of hydrocarbons
tensions flared as a result of placement of Oil Rig by China in disputed waters
US has re-engaged with Vietnam with new military training exercises.
Vietnam
Conclusion
China has had one of the fastest growing economies in the world, many do not know if growth can be sustainable
Newly published data shows that in 2014, China overlook the US as the largest economy in the world
The US government has stated the need for greater understanding between the United States and Chinafears of encroachments on each others national interests
Henry Kissinger “China is in its own category—too big to ignore, too repressive to embrace, difficult to influence, and very, very proud”
Full transcript