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Chapter 11 Section 3: The Plantation South
Transcript of Chapter 11 Section 3: The Plantation South
The Cotton Gin
• 1793, Eli Whitney made cotton gin.
• Cotton gin made the process of picking seeds out of cotton go faster
• seeds picked by hand
• laborer could clean 1lb per day
• workers process fifty times more cotton fiber
• cotton growing became more profitable
African Americans in the South
• 6% of African Americans were free and they lived in New Orleans
• Laws denied basic rights even to free African Americans
• All African Americans were excluded from all menial jobs
• African American Children were not allowed to go to public school
• African Americans could not vote, serve on juries, or testify against white defendants
• Free African Americans were discouraged from traveling
• The freedom of African Americans in the south was never secured
- Jordan Romnes
The Cotton Kingdom
• The North became more urban and industrialized
• South remained rural
• Two events changed life in the South by letting them satisfy the demand for cotton
• 1) a boom in textiles
• 2) a new invention (cotton gin)
- Nick Van Sickle
1830s, people in the North wanted slavery to be banned
southern whites support slavery more
supporters: more humane than free labor, enslaved African Americans didn't worry about unemployment
critics of slavery argued that northern workers were free to quit a job, take another when things are difficult
slaves often suffered physical or other abuse
- Tiffany Dinh
Key Terms and People
•1790 , 168,000 enslaved in U.S.
• 1860, 4 million enslaved in U.S.
• Cotton became greatest wealth
• enriched South planters
Alabama and Mississippi
• Depended on cotton
• large population slaves
• Devoted less attention cotton
• fewer enslaved people
• Cotton Gin - a spiked cylinder to remove seeds from cotton fiber
• Slave Codes - laws that controlled every aspect of their lives
•Spirituals - religious folk songs that blended biblical themes with the realities of slavery.
• Nat Turner - led the most famous revolt in 1831
Resistance to Slavery
• African Americans resisted slaveholders
• Ways They resisted :
* worked slowly
* Broke Tools
*Pretended to not understand
* Fled to the North
• Resistance turned to rebellion