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Narrative Therapy and Spirituality
Transcript of Narrative Therapy and Spirituality
& Spirituality Narrative Therapy Spiritual Lines of Inquiry Therapist asks spiritually themed questions in order to deconstruct, map, uncover, reauthor, and perform narratives. Approach Postmodern theories of Foucault, Derrida, etc.
Beyond cause and effect
Relationship between power and knowledge
Realities are culturally/socially constructed and reproduced through language and narratives.
truths, not Truth Integrating Spiritual Practices Client and therapist incorporate spiritual practices to accomplish narrative goals. e.g., Therapist Practices
Spiritual Self-reflexivity Therapist questions his/her own spiritual beliefs, biases, and assumptions in the service of effective co-construction and to respect the localization of knowledge. Goals Deconstruct problem narratives that oppress in order to uncover and "perform" new narratives that allow for more agency in clients' lives. Methods Externalize the problem
Map problem (problem over person)
Uncover unique outcomes (person over problem)
Perform new narratives
Metaphors & Religious Stories How has spirituality/religion contributed to the problem?
How has it helped the problem?
How can it be enlisted to fight the problem?
What do these themes mean to the you? e.g., Choosing altar-making as a modality (deconstruction)
Deciding the altar theme (externalization)
Understanding themes (externalization)
Collecting images, words, objects (externalization)
Making the altar and using assemblage (unique outcomes)
Discussing meaning (reconstruction, preferred narratives)
Creating a ceremony or ritual to amplify the new story (performance practice)
Taking the altar home: spreading the news (performance in the world)
Bermudez & Bermudez (2002) Client and therapist use religious and spiritual metaphors, myths, and stories to help client deconstruct and reauthor narratives. quote “Narrative therapy and biblical narratives offer creative options for reevaluating and rewriting that which has oppressed us. The Hebrew and Christian scriptures comprise numerous stories of prophets who challenged dominant social narratives.” (Morningstar, 2010, p.302) e.g., Identify spiritual preferences
Critical reflection of spiritual preferences
Re-membering spiritual relationships
Carlson, Erickson, & Seewald-Marquandt (2002) Bibliography Bermudez, J.M. & Bermudez, S. (2002). Altar-making with Latino families. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 13(3-4), p. 329-347.
Carlson, T.D., Erickson, M.J., & Seewald-Marquardt, A. (2002). The spiritualities of therapists’ lives. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 13(3-4), p. 215-236.
Morningstar, B.I. (2010). Stories that transform: Narrative approaches to spiritually oriented clinical practice. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 80(2-3), p. 286-303.
White, M. & Epston, D. (1990). Narrative Means to Therapeutic Ends. W.W. Norton & Company: New York City. Thanks! Spiritual Integration