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Transcript of Indonesian Imperialism
In 1942, the Japanese declared war on Indonesia when they invaded the Netherlands. Japan set up prisoner camps and put around 180,000 Europeans in them. They also made millions of Indonesians work for the Japanese country. America stepped in and helped defeat the third war between the Dutch and Japanese. Although they declared their independence on August 17th, 1945, it took the Dutch over 4 years to recognize the independence of Indonesia.
A significant business in the imperialist country was the Dutch East India company. They were significant because they were in charge of the trade routes and profits between the Netherlands and Indonesia.
The Dutch had their first expedition to colonize Indonesia in 1595. They wanted to colonize Indonesia due to their fine and various spices and their extremely fertile land. They first started by developing trade posts. Years passed by and the Dutch started forcing Indonesians to plant specified crops. Then, the Indonesians started to fight for their power back and had 3 wars to fight for their independence.
The imperialist country was the Netherlands and the victim country was Indonesia.
Did the positives outweigh the negatives?
New rail roads were built
Made more money
There were infrastructure improvements
B: One would need to know that
there was Indonesian slavery
A: The dutch treated the Indonesian
slaves like dogs(had them on chains)
S:Having the slaves on chains symbolizes the way the dutch treated them harsh and inhuman
I: The author puts on top of the picture ''in de feesidgan'' meaning in the holiday portraying how the dutch would take the slaves out for air in the holidays since they would always be trapped
C: The author over exaggerated how fat the entrepreneur was implying how rich he is and how much food he eats on the other hand the slave is skinny implying the slave is poor and does not eat
Students had to learn Dutch
They lost their culture by taking away the Indies loan words
As population increased people starved
Couldn't trade with Dutch
The Dutch had a lot to gain from the Indonesian islands; for one thing they benefited from the Indonesian spice trade and the islands' oil reserves. They gained so much profit from the island region that the Netherlands were able to kick start their own Industrial Revolution.
The positives took away the negatives by giving the Indies improvements on many things around their state. They offered them new transportation and other things.
The Netherlands gave people new education by having them learn a new language which was Dutch. They also made it easier to go places by giving the Indies transportation by building new railroads.
The reason Dutch took over Indonesia
Small areas were subjected to Dutch administrative penetration
Low Indonesian culture and religion
Most christian missions in the east indies were either dutch or german
The Netherlands followed a policy of non assimilation
The Indonesians could not rebel over the dutch because the dutch covered most of what became Indonesia, with only 15,866 Europeans officers and men in the army and navy and 26,276 Indonesian soldiers (mostly Javanese) the Dutch ruled over 37 million natives, using only 250 Europeans and about 1,500 indigenous civil servants
History / Background
Did the weaker country ever gain independence from the stronger country? How did it happen?
broken wall: the Indonesians were defenseless
What the Dutch got out of imperialism
Important figures in Dutch history
Ruler and victim
Life as a Native of Indonesia